Virgin London Marathon Economic Impact & Volunteers

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Transcript Virgin London Marathon Economic Impact & Volunteers

Virgin London Marathon 2010
Volunteers & the Economic Impact
Lisa Thompson – Assistant Race Director, London Marathon Limited
Richard Coleman – Sport Industry Research Centre, SHU
Girish Ramchandani – Sport Industry Research Centre, SHU
• Race history
• London Marathon facts
• Volunteers - source, training, number and roles
• Volunteers - time & equivalent monetary contribution
• Why volunteer?
• VLM 2010 economic impact study
• Economic impact of volunteer spending
• Implications and summing up
London Marathon History
• First run 29 March 1981
– 7,747 runners started (20,000 applicants)
• Now world class international event and also one of
largest mass participation events of its kind in the world
• Televised in over 100 countries
• The London Marathon is the single biggest annual
fundraising event in the WORLD
– 76% run for good causes
• But what about the economic legacy?
– SIRC employed to quantify this at the 30th edition of the event
London Marathon Facts 2010
• 162,000 applicants, 50,000 accepted
• 36,000 starters, 35,000 finishers
• 6,000 volunteers
• 660,000 bottles of water
• 23 water stations (1 every 3 miles)
• 60,000 bottles of Lucozade Sport
• 30,000 Lucozade Carbo Gels
• 40,000 foil blankets
• 40 baggage trucks
Source of Volunteers
• Running clubs and more recently community groups
• Corporate and University volunteer programmes
– e.g. British Airways
– e.g. University of Greenwich, Event Management Degree
• Teams not individuals
– 20 to 130 per team
– Team leaders bring their team
– Ease of communication
Volunteer Training
• Thorough training provided dependent upon the roles
being undertaken
• Increased race security given the changing world in
which we now live
• Contingencies in place to cover any eventualities linked
to security risks
• Route split into seven sectors each run by a Sector
Volunteer Numbers
• Marshals at The Start 1,000
• At on-course Drinks Stations 2,500
• On-course Race Marshals 1,200
• Marshals at The Finish 1,300
Volunteer Roles (1)
• 7 sectors on course, each with a Sector Manager
– Major time commitment, hence paid per day worked
– Fully cognisant of all contingency plans for race day
– Selected from experienced volunteers who were formerly
Marshal Team Leaders
• Marshal Team Leaders
• Drinks Station Managers
Volunteer Roles (2)
• At the race start
– Direct runners; man baggage trucks; steward entrance points; and
drink distribution
• On course drinks station
– 100 people per station
– Some groups have run stations for years and include children
• e.g. Scouts, Sea Cadets
• Race Marshal
– Direct public / spectators around the course and at crossing points
• At the race finish
– Handing back baggage; distribute medals and goody bags;
stewarding and assisting runners and spectators
Case Study: British Airways
• BA Athletics Club provide a 130 strong team each year
• 21 years of BA marshalling at the London Marathon
– Operate crossing points across the route for spectators. The setup and organisation of these is always faultless, and they have
been copied by other events, notably the Berlin Marathon.
• Provide Team Leaders including two Sector Managers
• Regularly work around sensitive areas (e.g. Parliament &
Buckingham Palace)
– Work closely with London Marathon staff and The Met. Police
– An experienced team who also work at other road races in London
Why Volunteer at London Marathon?
• Habitual volunteers, have been helping for so long and progressed
from Marshal to Team Leader and then to Sector Manager
• Hands on experience for students or budding event managers
– Transferable skills, go on and manage own running events
– Looks great on CV
• Open doors to London 2012 Olympics
– Calm nerves at selection interviews based on Marathon experiences
• …our event allows 35,000 people each year to achieve their
ambition to complete a Marathon, we should not forget that it also
allows thousands of others to volunteer and fulfill their desire to give
something back to sport and the community, to feel part of a team
and make a contribution.
SIRC conducted economic impact studies of the 2000 and
2010 London Marathon.
We present the findings from 2010 re the economic impact
on London and the economic activity on the wider UK
economy, with particular attention to the role of volunteers at
the VLM.
Mass participation events of this nature have the potential for
significant economic impacts on host areas, as friends and
family want to share in the exceptional human challenge
being faced by their loved ones over 26 gruelling miles.
Economic Impact Defined
“The net economic change in a host
community that results from spending
attributed to a sports event or facility.”
Turco & Kelsey, (1992)
Measuring the Economic Impact of Special Events
For details of the UK Sport approved approach to economic
impact studies visit
Information Required
• How many (competitors / spectators etc.)?
• The proportion of deadweight to eligible
• Locals, specific
• How many will stay overnight?
• What type of accommodation & for how long?
• How much will the accommodation cost?
• How much will they spend on other things?
• How much will organisers spend using monies originating
outside the host economy?
Research Specifics 2010
• 5,500 completed surveys (f2f, online and telephone)
– Runners (2,273), spectators (2,574), media, vols., sponsors,
businesses and exhibitors at the EXPO
• Spectator estimate of 750,000
– Based on video analysis/aerial photography of the 2010 event and
stills taken along the route of crowd density
– Discussions with the Met. Police and Race Director
– Repeat viewing factor (2.1) resulted in 362,000 different people
• Figure for charity fund-raising provided by the London
Marathon Limited and is additional to figure for EI on London
Summary Findings - 1
• Additional flow of new money into London economy £27.1m
– Spectators £13.1m; almost half the additional expenditure
– Runners £9.5m (exc. entry fees)
– £6.9m spent on 118,000 bed-nights in London hotels & guest
– £6.3m injection to the catering industry in London
– Organisers net spend (using monies from outside London) £1.6m
Summary Findings - 2
• Total economic activity attributable to VLM in UK £110m
– £23m spent by runners’ including £18m preparing for the VLM
– £22.3m spent by spectators (including Londoners)
– £4.4m spent by sponsors, activating their sponsorship of the VLM
– Charity fund-raising almost £50m
– Net export effect from overseas’ trade was almost £3.8m.
Economic Impact of Volunteers
• Post event online survey supplementing face to face interviews
at the event
• Around 68% from London Boroughs (c. 4,100)
• Almost 1,900 from outside London
– 93% day visitors spending on average £6 per day
– Remainder stay in London mainly with friends and relatives
– ‘Eligible’ expenditure by volunteers c. £22,500 (London impact)
– For the UK importance study c. £50,000
• Happy to contribute time & effort in return for a jacket/t-shirt and
free lunch plus kudos of being associated with an event that
offers one of the toughest challenges that many people will face.
Hourly Contribution
• 6,000 volunteers
• Around 6.5 hours per volunteer
• Volunteers contribute 39,400 hours on Marathon Sunday
• Equivalent to 4.5 years in one day
• Using a UK average hourly wage of £12.50 (in April 2010)
this represents c. £500,000 of ‘free’ labour to ensure that
race day runs smoothly.
Summing Up
• Big city marathons have the potential to play a key role in a
city’s tourism strategy
• The study provides a VFM appraisal of the costs to the
London Marathon Limited & London Boroughs of staging
the event
• Consistent with previous studies, the EI is mainly
dependent upon spending by spectators and participants,
• The VLM would not function without its army of volunteers.
• To get involved contact …
Lisa Thompson – 0207 9020196
[email protected]
Richard Coleman – 0114 2255924
[email protected]
Girish Ramchandani – 0114 2255461
[email protected]