THE EBOLA CRISIS - Amazon Web Services

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THE EBOLA
CRISIS
What is Ebola?
Ebola virus disease (EVD) or Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever
(EHF) is a disease of humans and other primates caused
by the Ebola virus. The symptoms start suddenly,
often between 2 to 21 days after being infected.
symptoms
early
High fever
Fatigue
Muscle
soreness
Headaches
Sore throat
late
Nausea/
vomiting
Internal and
external bleeding
Skin rash
Diarrhea
Abdominal
pain
How it spreads
You are not likely to catch Ebola just by being in proximity
with someone that has the virus. It is not airborne, like the flu.
The virus spreads through contact with infected animals,
infected human bodily fluids (when the person
is symptomatic) and contaminated environments.
Contaminated
BODILY
Infected FLUIDS
animals
environments
Saliva, sweat
Chimpanzees Infected objects
Stool
and sperm
Fruit
Vomit
bats
Blood BodiesPee
Forest
of Ebola
antelopes
victims
precautions
Ebola kills between 50 and 90%
of those infected with it. Because there is no vaccine
against the disease, it’s important to inform the affected
communities and encourage behavioral changes
to minimize the risk of contamination.
DO’s
• Wash hands frequently
• Wear protective equipment when necessary
DOnt’s
• Eat raw meat
• Touch shared objects (e.g. towels)
Treatment
The treatment is of support, aimed at the actual
symptoms. Whoever has those symptoms should keep
themselves isolated and seek immediate
professional help. The earlier the treatment starts
the better the chance of survival.
Iv fluids
The most common treatment, since
Ebola causes severe dehydration.
New drugs
Experimental drugs where successful
in some cases, but ineffective in others.
2014 outbreak
From a remote area of south-eastern Guinea, the virus
has spread to the capital, Conakry, and from there to the
neighbor countries Liberia and Sierra Leone. By the end of
July a man who flew from Liberia to Lagos died soon after
arrival - that’s how the virus spread to Nigeria
© BRIGHT 2014