2014 CVI-UTC Poster- Pavement Assessment
2014 CVI-UTC Poster- Pavement Assessment
A Connected Vehicle-Based Application to Estimate Road Roughness
Huanghui Zeng, Brian L. Smith, Hyungjun Park, Emily Parkany
Transportation agencies devote significant resources towards collection of highly detailed and accurate pavement roughness data using profiler vans in order to support pavement maintenance decisions. Given the
need of calibrated profiling equipment and specially trained personnel, they cannot afford to assess pavement roughness more frequently than once a year.
Highway transportation is undergoing significant technological transformations to a connected vehicle environment as wireless communication increasingly enables vehicles to communicate with each other and
with the infrastructure. It allows an opportunity to develop alternative methodologies to monitor pavement roughness. The use of simple sensors such as position sensors and accelerometers, already installed either
in vehicles or mobile devices, is able to measure the running vehicle’s vibration response directly and thus offers the potential to assess roughness. In other words, the entire vehicle fleet – if equipped with
appropriate communication devices – can be transformed into probes, measuring pavement roughness in a more timely manner with minimal data collection cost. Given the possible impacts, the primary goal of this
research is to investigate the feasibility of improving the current pavement management systems using this innovative connected vehicle-based application.
The basic idea of the Connected Vehicle-Based roughness assessment
application is to use inexpensive devises (smartphone or vehicular sensors) to
collect pavement roughness information. It will offer the following advantages:
Sample Size Analysis
Assumption: the tolerance error is 10% and the acceptance
confidence interval is 95%
Acceleration Measurements for Nine Test Runs on I-64 W
Cumulative Percentage of Minimum Number of Trips Required
for Segments on I-64 and US-250 Based on Roughness Level
•Monitor roughness condition in a 24/7 manner (Vs. less than once a year)
•Minimal data collection cost (Vs. millions of dollars every year)
•Measure ride quality directly (Vs. simulated statistic)
TABLE 1 Correlation Coefficients between RMS results from Different Runs
Data driven analysis was conducted to investigate the feasibility of this
connected vehicle-based application, based on both VDOT-collected roughness
data (ground truth) and acceleration data collected using two tablets.
•Studied Routes: I-64 (58 miles) and US-250 (21 miles)
• The 2013 International Roughness Index (IRI) data were
collected from VDOT’s pavement condition database
• Two tablets, placed on the car floor, were used to collect
acceleration and position data in February 2013
Acceleration results were generally consistent for
the 9 test runs in terms of trends and magnitudes.
Comparison with IRI
R = 0.83
CMFs of Good Pavement Conditions vs. Deficient Conditions
R = 0.94
R = 0.71
• How consistent are the acceleration results from multiple test runs?
• How well the acceleration results correlate to the IRI?
• How many data collection trips are needed to assure a certain accuracy
• What is the estimated cost to build a prototype system?
R = 0.84
Acceleration results correlated well with IRI and thus
able to capture the correct roughness level.
When collecting data at 50 Hz, 95 percent of segments
require less than 12 trips and 7 trips on I-64 and US-250,
Initial R&D: $ 400,000
Tablet and accessories: $500/veh
Labor expense: $ 150,000/year
Assume that 200 vehicles will be
used and each tablet has 5-year
service time, the system will
require a one-time cost of
$400,000 at the beginning and
then $170,000 /year for operation.
Conclusions and Future Research
This research demonstrates the feasibility of a smartphonebased pavement roughness assessment application. These
results point to the possibility of using such an approach for
large scale pavement roughness monitoring using a relatively
small fleet of vehicles equipped with smartphone applications
to collect data in a cheaper and more frequent manner.
Future research will focus on addressing the impact of
vehicle speed and the calibration of different vehicle systems.