Gulliver`s Travels Introductory Powerpoint
Gulliver`s Travels Introductory Powerpoint
Jonathan Swift (1667--1745)
Jonathan Swift was born in Dublin, Ireland, of an English
family, which had important connections but little wealth.
Through the generosity of an uncle, he was educated at
Kilkenny Grammar School and then Trinity College in Dublin.
Between 1689 and 1699 he worked as a private secretary to
a distant kinship Sir William Temple, a retired diplomat.
And there he also received a first-rate education in politics
through contact with Temple and many other well-known
politicians, learning much about hypocrisy,deception and
corruption in the political world.
Swift’s Literary Position and Works
Swift is one of the greatest masters of English prose.
Swift is a master satirist. Even today, he is still regarded as a
national hero in Ireland.
Gulliver’s Travels (1726), his greatest satiric work
What Is Satire?
Criticizes event, person, group
Introduction to Gulliver’s Travels
Jonathan’s best fictional work
was published in 1726
Travels into Several Remote Nations of the World, by Samuel
The book contains four parts, each dealing with one
particular voyage during which Gulliver meets with
extraordinary adventures on some remote island after he has
met with shipwreck of piracy of some other misfortune.
Narrator of novel
Middle-aged, middle class, British
Unaffectionate to wife
A doctor on a Royal Navy ship who washes
up on the shores of several fictional
Upon returning to England, he is painfully
aware of his country’s flaws.
Mrs. Mary Burton: Mrs. Mary Burton is Gulliver's
wife. He only states her name at the beginning of
the novel, and thereafter refers to her as his wife.
She is mentioned only during his rare time in
Captain William Pritchard: Captain Pritchard is the
head of the ship named Antelope. He controls
Gulliver's first voyage in which a storm overtakes
the ship, leaving Gulliver stranded on the strange
land of Lilliput.
A VOYAGE TO LILLIPUT
The first part tells about his experience in Lilliput
The emperor believed himself to be the delight and terror of the universe,
but it appeared quite absurd to Gulliver who was twelve times as tall as he.
In his account of the two parties in the country, distinguished by the use
of high and low heels.
Religious disputes were laughed at in an account of a problem which
divided the Lilliputians: “ Should eggs be broken at the big end or the
Only 6 inches tall
Prone to conspiracies and jealousies
Ruler of the Lilliputians
Despite small size, loves being in control,
exercising his power, and his large palace
Gulliver visits Lilliput
Meet the Lilliputians
He finds that the population is split
between 'Big Enders' and 'Little
The Emperor who is keen to go to war
with Belfuscu and the defecting 'Big
The Empress who originally likes
Gulliver, but is then offended when he
urinates on buildings to put out a fire
A VOYAGE TO BROBDINGNAG
Second Journey to Brobdingnag
In the second part, Gulliver is left alone in
Brobdingnag where people are not only ten times
taller and larger than ordinary human beings, but
also superior in wisdom. Gulliver now found himself
a dwarf among men sixth feet in height. The king,
who regarded Europe as if it were an anthill.
Gulliver sold and used as a slave, mostly used for
Discusses history and policies of his native country
with the King
Giants that inhabit Brobdingnag
Does not know much about politics
A VOYAGE TO LAPUTA, BALNIBARBI,
LUGGNAGG, GLUBBDUBDRIB, AND JAPAN
The third part deals with mainly with his accidental
visit to the flying Island, where the philosophers and
projectors devote all their time and energy to the
study of some absurd problems. Their scientists are
engaged in projects for exacting sunbeams out of
cucumbers, turning ice into gunpowder and making
cloth from cobweb.
Laputans Inhabitants of the flying island of Laputa which has diameter of
Munodi A Lord who lives in Lagado the metropolis of Balnibari
Professors of various academies who take up Gulliver's suggestions
Governor of Glubbdubdrib
Struldbruggs who offer eternal life but become progressively senile in
Maldonada A port
Guldubdribb land of sorcerers
Glangluenstand port of embarkation from Luggnagg
Xamoschi landfall in Japan
Nangasac where he meets Captain Theodorus Vangrult with whom he
sailed back to England.
A VOYAGE TO THE COUNTRY OF THE
Final Journey to the Country of the
Horses rule the deformed Yahoos
Gulliver banished from their society
Feel he is a threat to their civilization
Aware he has a resemblance to a
Summary of Last Book
The last part is a most interesting account of his discoveries
in the Houyhnhnm land, where horses are endowed with
reason and all good and admirable qualities, and are the
Contrary to the Houyhnhnms, the Yahoos possess every
conceivable evil. They are malicious, spiteful, envious,
unclean and greedy. Gulliver admires the life and ways of the
horses, as much as he is disgusted with the Yahoos, whose
relations remind him of those existing in English society to
such a degree that he shudders at the prospect of returning
to his native.
Yahoo’s an uncouth human like race
Dirty, hairy, primitive, but humanlike
Many different kinds
Blonde, redheaded, dark-haired
Servants of Houyhnhnms
A horse-like race who rule over the
Live in peaceful, simple society
Rule with reason and truthfulness
Do not even have the word “lie” in their
The end of the novel
The author takes his last leave of
proposes his manner of living for
gives good advice, and concludes.