Chinese Civil War Presentation

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Transcript Chinese Civil War Presentation

Melissa Dominguez, Tiffany Morales,
and Erica Verga
The Chinese Civil War (1927-37,1946-49), was a
civil war fought between Kuomintang also known
as the KMT or Chinese Nationalist Party, who
were the governing party of the Republic of
China, and the Communist Party of China, also
known as the CPC, over the control of China.
 The Chinese Nationalist Party were backed by
the United States and the United Kingdom, and
they had the support of the richer people and
the Chinese who lived in cities.
 The Communist Party of China were backed by
the Soviet Union, and they had the support of
many poor people.
Long Term Causes
Short Term Causes
Immediate Cause
1) Struggle for power since
1927 between Nationalists
and Communists
1) Divided country
The Nationalist Party, also
known as the Kuomintang,
lead by General Chiang Kaishek, purged the
Communists and party
leftists from the
Kuomintang and Chinese
Communist Party alliance.
2) Chiang Kai-shek
(Nationalist Party) had
tried to eradicate members
of CPC
2) Revolutionary spirit
3) Japanese War unite CPC
and KMT. However, Chiang
Kai-shek couldn't accept
Communists as his partners
so he attack Communist
forces in the south.
3) Poverty. Poverty
affected several things
such as agriculture, land,
and food. Poverty, which
greatly hit China during the
early 1900's, lead people to
thinking Communism was
right choice of government.
4) Polarized society
Economic Cause: The Nationalists suffered from a
variety of internal weaknesses, including loss of its
economically advanced territories to Japan, serious
inflation, and deteriorating popular support. Lack of
structure caused economic problems in China.
Political Cause: Once Britain stopped selling Opium to
China people, who for example were addicted to it,
they became upset against the government of China
for not buying more or trying to have Britain keep
selling them this.
Ideological Cause: Ideology played a crucial role in
bringing about war as KMT and CCP essentially fought
over who was going to unify China and solve its
problems according to their respective ideology.
 September
6, 1945- September 9, 1945
 It was fought between the communists and
former nationalists.
 Lishi was an important transportation hub
in Shanxi. In, 1945, the communist decided
to take town by force after the local
defenders, consisted of former nationalists,
turned the Japanese puppet regime force
who rejoined the nationalists after World
War II, refused to surrender.
 Result: Communist victory
 April
26, 1945- April 27 1945
 It was a battle fought at the Yin Village.
 This conflict rooted from the fact
that Chiang Kai-shek had realized that his
nationalist regime simply had neither the
sufficient troops nor enough transportation
assets to deploy his troops into the Japaneseoccupied regions of China.
 Result: Communist victory.
 As a result of this battle, most members of
the Japanese puppet regimes and their
military forces rejoined the nationalists.
 October
10, 1946- October 20, 1946
 It was fought between the Kuomintang (KMT
or Chinese Nationalist Party) and the
Communist Party of China (CPC)
 General Fu Zuoyi attacked the city of Kalgan.
 It was a nationalist victory. Of the 150,000
inhabitants, 50,000 fled with the remnants of
the Communist armies. The retreating
Communist army demolished or set fire to
parts of the city.
 September
16th- September 24, 1948.
 It was fought between the Kuomintang (KMT
or Chinese Nationalist Party) and the
Communist Party of China (CPC)
 The communist Eastern China Field Army
besieged and finally captured the city of
Jinan, the capital of Shandong Province and a
major urban center as well as a
transportation hub in northeastern China
with a population of about 600,000 at the
time of the battle.
 The result was a communist victory.
 Economic
Impact: One economic impact was
the inflation caused by the war because so
much money was needed to battle in this
war. This also led to food shortages and
people starving.
Although the Chinese Civil War (1927-1949) caused
enormous suffering throughout the twentieth century, for
women, the rise of communism resulted in a significant
improvement in their social status.
According to communist doctrine, all workers were
supposed to be accorded equal worth, regardless of their
With the collectivization of property, women were no
longer at a disadvantage compared with their husbands.
Of course, women from the property-owning class in China
suffered humiliation and the loss of their status, just as
their fathers and husbands did.
However, the vast majority of Chinese women were
peasants - and they gained social status, at least, if not
material prosperity, in post revolutionary- Communist
China .
Nanchang Uprising- The Aug. 1 Nanchang Uprising, was an
armed resistance led by the Chinese Communist forces on
Aug. 1, 1927 in Nanchang, Jiangxi province, in order to
counter the anti-communist purges by the Kuomintang
(KMT, or Nationalist Party of China).
The first shots of the armed resistance against the
Kuomintang reactionaries were fired by the CPC and the
left-wing KMT, lifting the curtain for CPC on independently
leading the armed struggle and creating the revolutionary
Shanghai massacre of 1927- Chinese civil war began with
the Shanghai Massacre (April 12). Kuomintang army forces
led by Chiang Kai-shek attacked their Communist allies in
Shanghai and several other cities, executing 5,000 to 6,000
of those captured.
1. The result of the Chinese Civil War was that the
Chinese Nationalist Party (KMT or Guo Min Dang) lost
its support of the Chinese people, and lost the
military conflict to the Chinese Communist Party
(CCP). China was liberated from the anti-democratic
dictatorship of Chiang Kai-shek and the Nationalists.
2. The founding of the People's Republic of China on
October 1st, 1949. The leadership of Mao and the
Chinese Communist Party and 50 more years of very
troubled history. The transfer of the Nationalists to
Formosa, then changed to the 'Republic of China' and
now named Taiwan.
3. The question of the unification or the
independence of Taiwan as a province of China or as
a nation.
 To
this day, since no armistice or peace
treaty has ever been signed.
 Economic Result: One economic effect was
the Communist's destruction of railways,
dams, canals and other forms of
transportation. This effected the Nationalist's
chance of winning the war because they had
less control over getting the supplies. This
also led to the Communist's formation of the
liberation areas which also put more
problems on the Nationalists and there
chance of winning. The economy became
worse after the Chinese Civil War was over.