111(d) basics - NW Energy Coalition

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Transcript 111(d) basics - NW Energy Coalition

EPA Basics on Clean Air Act Sec. 111(d) Reducing Carbon Emissions from Existing Power Plants NW Energy Coalition May 2, 2014

Reducing Carbon Pollution From Power Plants • •

President’s Directive to EPA Under the Climate Action Plan:

Reduce carbon pollution from power plants by setting Carbon Pollution Standards and Guidelines using the Clean Air Act Focus on these elements when developing the standards/guidelines – Engage stakeholders including States, leaders in the power sector, labor leaders, non-governmental organizations, consumer groups, tribal officials, members of the public – Focus on making the program flexible, including market-based instruments, performance standards, others – Tailor regulations and guidelines to reduce costs, including performance standards and market-based mechanisms – 2 Recognize the continued importance of relying on a range of energy sources and cognizant of other regulations that affect the power sector


EPA’s Task

• Develop carbon pollution standards, regulations or guidelines, as appropriate, for: 1. New power plants 2. Modified and reconstructed power plants 3. Existing power plants


Clean Air Act Section 111

Lays out different approaches for new and existing sources –

New sources under section 111(b)

 Federal standards for new, modified and reconstructed sources  Proposal signed September 20, 2013  Draft – 1100lbs/MWh new coal, 1000lbs/MWh new gas 

Public Comment Period extended until May 9, 2014

Existing sources under section 111(d)

 State programs for existing sources that are equivalent to federal guidelines


Clean Air Act Section 111 (cont.)

Section 111(d) is broad by design

• • • Section 111(d) is broad and allows for collaboration between EPA and states to address pollutants that endanger the public health and welfare. Section 111 (d) provides greater flexibility to EPA and states to design a program in consultation with diverse range of stakeholders – flexibility is driven by the recognition that existing sources do not have as much flexibility as new ones.

EPA will issue guidelines for states to use in developing plans implementing standards of performance for the affected sources

THE CLEAN AIR ACT AND EXISTING POWER PLANTS THE “101” ON 111 (d) “ Best System of Emission Reduction”

 “Source-based” approach limited to options plants can do “within the fenceline” (e.g. heat-rate improvements) – yields limited reductions, higher costs  “System-based” approach includes all options that reduce emissions –yields deeper reductions, lower costs Heat-rate improvements Increasing zero -emission power (renewables) Increasing energy efficiency Shifting generation from coal to non-emitting resources 6

THE TIMELINE 2013 2014 January 20 th June 25 th September 20 th

Start of President Obama's second term.

President Obama announces Climate Action Plan.

EPA proposes carbon pollution standards for future power plants.

May 9 June 1 th st June-September

End of public comment period for future power plant proposal.

EPA to propose guideline for carbon pollution standards for existing power plants.

Public comment period on existing power plant proposal.

2015 June 1 st

EPA to finalize power plant carbon pollution standards.

2016 June 30 th July-December

States to submit implementation plans for existing power plants to EPA.

EPA reviews state plans for compliance with its guideline.

January 20 th

End of President Obama's second term.