What is AGE?

Download Report

Transcript What is AGE?

Challenges faced by women 50+ in the labour market

Halina Potocka, AGE Vice-President

Women's careers after 40 and 50

Budapest 20 November 2010



What is AGE?

AGE Platform Europe • • a network bringing together

European, national and regional

non-profit senior organisations set up in 2001 following a process of discussion on how to improve co-operation between older people's organisations in the EU + to improve older people’s representativity at EU level. • a non-profit making international association, financed by membership fees and an annual subsidy from the European Commission (PROGRESS programme).

AGE network

• Gathers 156 associations


older people, or working

with and for

older people, from 27 EU States • Represents

28 million older people across the EU

, but promotes the interests of the 150 million older people in the EU •

A network that does not stop growing!

AGE objectives

• • To voice and represent the interests of older and retired people in the European Union • To improve the dialogue and cooperation between its members and the European Institutions. • To support networking - and best practice exchange between older people’s groups in Europe (EU platform) To disseminate information towards its members and influence decision makers at EU level (+ national level through AGE national member organisations)

AGE structure

General Assembly (once a year) : adoption of work programme, budget and applications for membership • Administrative Council (twice a year) : implementation of work programme + policy decisions •

Executive Committee

: policy guidance + adherence to statutes and internal rules •

Expert Groups:

on age discrimination, employment, pension, social inclusion, health, new technologies and accessibility •


in Brussels: day-to-day management of the association + liaising with the EU institutions

AGE policy areas

Policy influencing and development on 6 areas:

non discrimination


of workers > 50, active ageing •

social inclusion

, the fight against poverty •

social protection

income) (pension reform, minimum •

health care


long term care

of the elderly •

accessibility to new technologies

, transport (mobility)

AGE lobbying activities

• • • • • • • Participation in consultative committees set up by the Commission The European Parliament Intergroup on Ageing The Social Protection Committee. Participation in key events organised by EU Presidencies or other EU key stakeholders Regular press releases + opinion paper to deliver AGE key messages Networking: direct contact with EU Officials Joint campaigns on key issues: Elder Abuse

Specific challenges that women 50+ face in the labour market


Age discrimination 2.

The gender employment gap 3.

The gender pay gap 3.

The gender pension gap 4.

AGE recommendations 8

Age discrimination

46% of Europeans think that discrimination on the basis of age is widespread. At the country level, this view is most widely held in

Hungary (79%)

and the Czech Republic (74%).

An examination of the development over the past five years shows that the feeling that age discrimination has increased is most widely held

in Hungary (63%)

and the Czech Republic (53%). The analyses reveal

that citizens aged 40 or over

are more likely to say that discrimination on ground of age is widespread


Fundamental right

Employment is a fundamental right, represented by Article 15 of the Charter for Fundamental Rights, which adds to the responsibility of policy makers to find the most effective solutions for the reduction of unemployment. It is clear that inequalities in our societies have increased, since there is evidence that some groups are particularly affected:

older and younger employees

. This week Equality Summit focused on the fight against discrimination and on the promotion of equality in the workplace.


=> sometime convenient excuse for reducing support for effective mechanisms and measures.

Gender employment gap

Older women much less involved in paid employment than older men: EU average – 18% for 55-64 (age 24 54: 15%) Part-time much more common among female workers (men: 7%, women: 30%) Why: bulk of informal care still provided mainly by women 50+ squeezed between demands from their ageing parents and grand-parental duties=> sandwich generation Yet employment policies on reconciliation for work and family life target parents with young children 11

The gender pay gap

Across Europe women earn on average 17.8% less than men (17.5%-Hungary) and in some countries the gender pay gap is widening (Estonia 30.3%)

Gap is even wider for older women

Will increase due to cuts in social services such as subsidised long-term care and childcare

Institutional mechanisms and systems on wage setting can influence the pay gap.

The gender pension gap

Poverty risk for older women is higher in EU15 (21%) than in the ten new Member States (10%) Gender differentials are notably higher in Sweden, Austria, Germany, Finland and Ireland; also in Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia, Slovenia and Cyprus

Gender pension gap is even higher than gender pay gap

(in BU: 34%, 2005) The average EU at-risk-of-poverty rate for older women is of 22 percent against 16 percent for older men 13

AGE Recommendations

Adopt an EU « carer’s leave directive (EC has included this in its work programme 2011) 14 Adopt more flexible working conditions to enable informal carers to reconcile work and family life Forbid pro-actively all gender/age discrimination in the workplace

AGE Recommendations

Address gender inequalities in pension systems => fair compensation for carer’s breaks, labour market segregation, minimum pensions Promote use of unisex mortality tables for calculation of annuities in funded schemes

European social systems must move to a better adjustment and recognition of societal role which falls on mature workers.


Equality Summit 15-16 Nov 2010 Brussels

„We'll face the real impact of an ageing population and a shrinking work-force from 2012 onwards. […] We are losing an important source of labour, skills and knowledge. […] When we speak about promoting equality, non-discrimination, we should not forget the need to reduce inequality. Not only are people at risk of discrimination affected by higher unemployment rates, they also face a higher risk of poverty than the rest of population. Today, 84 million Europeans still live at risk of poverty. This is simply not acceptable.

An important step to fight against poverty will be through the Europe 2020 flagship initiative, the Platform against poverty, which I intend to launch early December.

Equality Summit 15-16 Nov 2010, Brussels

This Platform will serve as a visible expression of solidarity towards the most vulnerable members of our societies. Its design owes much to the input from civil society stakeholders. […] The objective of the Platform is to tackle poverty in a wider context, because individuals experiencing poverty are often affected by multiple interrelated problems that often trap them in a vicious cycle of disadvantage and inequality.

László Andor EU

Commissioner for Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion Closing remarks at the Fourth Equality Summit Fourth Equality Summit Brussel


AGE Platform Europe Rue Froissart 111 1040 Bruxelles – Belgique

Contact person: Rachel Buchanan E-mail: [email protected]

tel. : +

fax : +