Reading Strategies - mrsclement

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Transcript Reading Strategies - mrsclement

Reading Strategies
Notes on what to do with reading
assignments
Question
• When a teacher hands out an article to
read, what do you usually do?
Question
•
When a teacher hands out an article to
read, what should you do?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Draw pretty little pictures on the paper
Write notes to your classmate
Put your head down and drool on the paper
Highlight, take notes and define vocabulary
Correct Answer
• Highlight, take notes and define vocabulary
• When I pass out an article, I expect you to
turn in the paper with marks.
• That does not mean for you to write notes,
draw pictures, color over the article, etc.
During the year….
• We will be using many different reading
strategies. Some strategies you will like
more than others but every strategy has
benefits.
• In order to pass assignments you must use
the reading strategies or I will not grade
your work!
Overview of the strategies
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Vocabulary
Highlighting
Main Idea
Active Reading Strategies (ARS)
SPQ2RS
Predict-o-gram
One-pager
Summary
Comprehension questions
Pre-reading comprehension questions
GIST
Vocabulary
• When I pass out an article, I will give you a few minutes to scan and
you are to circle ALL words that are unfamiliar.
• I will grade you based on effort. I do not believe you know the exact
definition to ALL the words so you are to have words and/or phrases
circled. Do not feel embarrassed for having a lot of words circled, it is
showing me that you are putting in effort.
• Also, do not circle words just to do the assignment. You will not
receive credit! For example:
– Name
– The
– A
– Dog
• In the back of the room, there is a board labeled “Word Wall” and
dictionaries on the bookshelf. Over the course of the year you will be
adding to the word wall.
Vocabulary
• During and after reading the article you
will define the word on the paper.
• The definition should not be a sentence but
one or two words to help you recall the
meaning.
• These “vocabulary” words will be on tests
and/or quizzes!
Vocabulary Example
• The response to 9/11 was swift, with President Bush
declaring a war on terror. Citing the need for new rules of
warfare to tackle a faceless, stateless enemy, the
administration adopted two key strategies. First, taking
pre-emptive action against potential threats, before
attacks on the U.S. could be carried out. And second,
actively promoting the spread of democracy around the
world, especially in the Middle East, as a long-term
antidote to terrorism. "Our war on terror begins with Al
Qaeda, but it does not end there," President Bush said a
week after the attacks.
Vocabulary Example: Sample
Fear
To announce
• The response to 9/11 was swift, with President Bush
declaring a war on terror. Citing the need for new rules of
measure against a
warfare to tackle a faceless, stateless enemy, the group/person
administration adopted two key strategies. First, taking preemptive action against potential threats, before attacks on
the U.S. could be carried out. And second, actively
possible
promoting the spread of democracy around the world,
especially in the Middle East, as a long-term antidote to
terrorism. "Our war on terror begins with Al Qaeda, but it
does not end there," President Bush said a week after the
attacks.
Remedy/fix
Type of government
Highlighting
• When a teacher tells you to highlight
important information in an article, what
would you look for while reading?
Highlighting
•
•
•
•
•
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Names
Dates
Quotes
Facts
Location(place)
Numbers/Data/Statistics
– You are not to highlight the entire article! Highlighting
is meant to your life easier. Usually the information
that you highlight helps to answer the questions.
Highlighting Example
• The response to 9/11 was swift, with President Bush
declaring a war on terror. Citing the need for new rules of
warfare to tackle a faceless, stateless enemy, the
administration adopted two key strategies. First, taking
pre-emptive action against potential threats, before
attacks on the U.S. could be carried out. And second,
actively promoting the spread of democracy around the
world, especially in the Middle East, as a long-term
antidote to terrorism. "Our war on terror begins with Al
Qaeda, but it does not end there," President Bush said a
week after the attacks.
Highlighting Example: Sample
• The response to 9/11 was swift, with President Bush
declaring a war on terror. Citing the need for new rules of
warfare to tackle a faceless, stateless enemy, the
administration adopted two key strategies. First, taking
pre-emptive action against potential threats, before
attacks on the U.S. could be carried out. And second,
actively promoting the spread of democracy around the
world, especially in the Middle East, as a long-term
antidote to terrorism. "Our war on terror begins with Al
Qaeda, but it does not end there," President Bush said a
week after the attacks.
Pre-reading Comprehension Questions
• Why should you read the questions before
reading the article?
Pre-reading Comprehension
Questions
• If you look at the questions that you will
have to answer before reading the article, it
will make completing your assignment
easier and faster.
• After you look at the questions and begin to
read the article and come across an answer:
– you highlight the answer and
– put the question number next to what you
highlighted.
Pre-reading Comprehension
Questions Example
• Q: What two strategies did President Bush
develop to fight the war on terrorism?
Pre-reading Comprehension
Questions Example: Sample
• The response to 9/11 was swift, with President
Bush declaring a war on terror. Citing the need
for new rules of warfare to tackle a faceless,
stateless enemy, the administration adopted two
key strategies.1 First, taking pre-emptive action
against potential threats, before attacks on the
U.S. could be carried out. And second, actively
promoting the spread of democracy around the
world, especially in the Middle East, as a longterm antidote to terrorism. "Our war on terror
begins with Al Qaeda, but it does not end there,"
President Bush said a week after the attacks.
Comprehension Questions
• What are reading comprehension
questions?
Comprehension Questions
• The purpose of reading comprehension
questions are to see if you understand what
you have just read. There are many
different types of questions you will answer
this year:
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Multiple choice
Fill in the blank
Matching
Short Answer
Essay
Comprehension Questions
Example
• Short Answer: Answer the following
question in complete sentences using
information from the article.
– What two strategies did President Bush
develop to fight the war on terrorism?
Comprehension Questions
Example: Sample
• The two strategies that President Bush decided to
implement after 9/11 to fight the war on terrorism
were to take pre-emptive strikes and spread
democracy around the world. Bush believed if
the United States was aggressive and attacked
potential terrorists before they struck it would
make the United States safer by deterring
terrorists. Also, the president wanted to spread
our form of government, democracy, around the
world, especially to the Middle East were many
terrorists are based.
Main Idea and Summary
• Q: What is the difference between the main
idea of a story and writing a summary of
the story?
Main Idea and Summery Answer
• The main idea is important information
that tells more about the overall idea of a
paragraph or text.
– The main idea is usually one sentence.
• A summary is a brief statement or account
covering main points is
– Includes the main idea but provides a little
more information such as people, groups,
places, etc.
Main Idea Sample: Example
• Main idea: After September 11, 2001, President
Bush developed two strategies to prevent the
United States against future terrorist attacks.
• Summary: One of President Bush’s strategies
was to attack terrorist groups before they were
able to attack the U.S. He believed this would
send a message to the world and deter potential
terrorists. Also, the U.S. would spread the form
of government around the world, especially to the
Middle East, known as democracy. The Middle
East is known to harbor many terrorist groups
that are a threat to the U.S.