Unit 3 Career

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Transcript Unit 3 Career

 Teaching Aim
Reading I
Reading II
Extended Activities
Teaching Aim
Unit 3 Career
1. Cognitive Information (认知信息) : Career Development
2. Language Focus (内容重点)
— Key Words: I. career, nanny, adore, part-time, full-time,
delicious, wear, uniform, phase, row; II. gardener, surgeon,
surveyor, interior designer, drive, furious, redundant,
delighted, manual labour, millionaire
— Phrases: I. get on with, at the time, go through, follow in
one’s footsteps, apply for, make it up with, for long, take
after, make a decision, bring up, turn out, think of; II. grow
up, drop out, pick up, carry on, take aback, fall out
Teaching Aim
Unit 3 Career
— Word Study: adore, realize, row, turn, spend
— Useful Structures: V + Oi + Od (double object
the moment ...
V + O + Inf. (without to)
— Vocabulary & Grammar: Describing One’s Appearance
3. Communicative Skills (交际技能)
— Expressions: Expressing and Responding to “Thanks”
— Reading:
Business Cards
4. Phonetic Review (语音复习): Back Vowels
Reading I
• Pre-reading
• Text
• Background Information
• New Words and Expressions
• Exercises
• Post-reading
Unit 3 Career
Unit 3 Career
• Pre-reading I
• Pre-reading II
Pre-reading I
Unit 3 Career
I. Brainstorming: Work with your partner and list in the spaces
provided below occupations you think are.
The Most Interesting
The Most Boring无聊的
The Most Promising有前途
The Most Stressful有压力的
Pre-reading II
Unit 3 Career
II. Pairwork: Discuss the following questions with your partner.
1. What do your parents do? How do you like their occupations?
2. Have you ever thought of your future career?
Yes. Then ...
No. Then ...
 What do you want to do when  What careers are you interested
you graduate from college?
 What do your parents think of  How will your parents’ attitude
your choice of career?
influence your choice of career?
 How will you prepare for
 How can you find out which
your future career?
career is right for you?
Unit 3 Career
The Modern Servant — Nanny
1. Amanda Peniston-Bird, 21, is the daughter of a
judge法官 and has just completed a two-year
training course to be a nanny at the Norland
Nursery Training College. She and her mother
talk about her choice of career.
Unit 3 Career
2. Amanda
My sister Charlotte was born when I was seven and my
mother decided she needed a nanny to look after us. So
we got Alison. She was very young, seventeen I think, and
wonderful. I adored (worship, love) her. She only worked
part-time with us before she started her training at Norland
College. She had to dress us in the morning and take me
to school. After school she made us delicious teas and
read us stories in bed. On Charlotte’s birthday she
organized a fantastic party.
Unit 3 Career
3. When Alison left, we had a trained nanny who lived with us and worked
fulltime. She was called Nanny Barnes by everyone, including my
parents. She was older and quite traditional and wore a uniform. It was
then that I realized that I wanted to be a nanny. I have always got on
well with children. I have always enjoyed taking care of my sister and
younger cousins. I told Mummy very firmly that I wanted to be a nanny
when I grew up. At the time she laughed. I know that she and Daddy
thought it was just a childish phase I was going through, but it wasn’t.
They thought I would follow in my father’s footsteps and study law;
But I didn’t. There were some terrible rows (65) but I didn’t go to
university. I left school and spent a year working at Ludgrove School,
where Prince William used to go. Then I started my training course at
Norland College. I finished the course last month and I’ve applied for
the post (position,occupation) of nanny to twins aged six months.
Mummy and Daddy weren’t angry for long. We made it up before I
went to college, and they have encouraged me ever since从那时到现在.
Unit 3 Career
4. Amanda’s Mother
Her father is still a wee bit (little bit) disappointed that she
didn’t take after him and study law, but I think we’re both
proud, and also pleased, that she has made her own
decisions in life and done so well. We have brought her up
to be an independent thinker, so we can’t complain.
Everything has turned out for the best. I had a nanny when
I was a child but I never thought of being one myself, but
times have changed and “nannying” has been socially
acceptable for a long time. It wasn’t just Princess Diana
who made it fashionable!
Background Information
Unit 3 Career
1. Choosing your career
Your career choice determines the course that your life
will take — it determines how successful you are, how
happy you are and whether you live a good, bad or
indifferent life. You have to think through what you want
to achieve with your life in important areas such as your
career, your family, artistic or sporting goals and public
service. A crucial part of this is setting priorities in these
different areas. No one has the time to excel in all
areas — if the major focus of your life is to spend a lot of
time with your family and contribute to voluntary
organizations, then you must recognize that this will
limit the time and effort you can dedicate to your career.
Background Information
Unit 3 Career
If you want to focus exclusively on your career,
then you must understand and manage the
consequences. Bear in mind that your priorities will
probably change over time — many people focus
completely on their careers in their twenties as they
make a place for themselves in the world. In their
thirties, they may take more of a family focus, and
other things may become important later on — this
is a normal part of life.
Background Information
Unit 3 Career
2. Planning your career
In order to choose an appropriate career which suits your
abilities, skills, ambitions and ideals, you have to plan your
career very carefully. Here are the steps you can follow:
1) Develop a career plan. Think about what you want to do and
find out more about the kind of training, education, and skills
you will need to achieve your career goal.
2) Assess your skills and interests. Think hard about what you
enjoy, what you are good at, what kind of personality you
are, and the values you hold.
Background Information
Unit 3 Career
3) Research occupations. Find out more about the nature of
the jobs that interest you, such as educational requirements,
salary, working conditions, future outlook, and anything else
that can help you narrow your focus.
4) Compare your skills and interests with the occupations
you’ve selected. The career that matches your skills,
interests, and personality the closest may be the career for
5) Choose your career goal. Once you’ve decided what
occupation matches up best with you, then you can begin
developing a plan to reach your career goal.
New Words and Expressions
Unit 3 Career
• New Words and Expressions
• Notes
• Language and Culture Focus
New Words and Expressions
Unit 3 Career
1. nanny
child’s nurse 保姆
2. career
a job or profession for which one is
trained and which one intends to follow
for part or the whole of ones life 职业
3. adore
to love deeply and respect highly 热爱;
4. part-time
for only a part of the working day or
week 兼职的 (地);部分时间
5. delicious
pleasant; good to eat 美味的
6. organize
to arrange into a good working system;
to make the necessary arrangements
for 安排; 筹划
New Words and Expressions
Unit 3 Career
excellent; marvelous 极好的
7. fantastic
8. fulltime
a./ad. for or during the whole of the working
day or week 全日制的 (地);全日 (的)
9. including
prep. having as a part 包括
10. traditional
of or in accordance with customs from
the past to the present 传统的
11. cousin
a child of one’s uncle or aunt 堂 (表)兄
12. firmly
in a strong will 坚定地
13. childish
of a child; immature 孩子的;孩子气的
New Words and Expressions
Unit 3 Career
14. phase
a stage in a process of change 阶段;时
15. footstep
(the sound of) a person’s step 脚步声;足
16. row
loud noise; noisy argument 噪声;激烈的
17. apply
to make a formal request 申请,请求
18. encourage
to make (someone) feel brave enough or
confident enough to do something;
support 鼓励
19. wee
little; very small 小的;很小的
20. disappointed
sad or dissatisfied 失望的;受挫的
New Words and Expressions
Unit 3 Career
21. proud
a. feeling or showing pride 感到得意的;自
22. independent a. not depended (on other people or things)
23. thinker
n. a person who thinks deeply or in a
specified way 有思想的人;思想家
24. complain
v. to say that one is not satisfied, unhappy
25. acceptable
a. worth accepting; welcome 值得接受的;
26. fashionable
a. following a style that is currently popular
New Words and Expressions
Unit 3 Career
1. get on with
to have a friendly relationship with
(sb.); to get along with (sb.) 与……相
2. go through
to experience 经历
3. make (it) up with
to end a quarrel or dispute with (sb.)
4. turn out
to prove to be (sb./sth.) 证明是某人或
5. grow up
to reach the stage of full development;
become adult or mature 长大,成人
New Words and Expressions
Unit 3 Career
6. for long
for a long time
7. apply for
to make a formal request for (sth.) 申请
8. take after
to resemble in appearance or character 与
9. bring up
to raise or educate (somebody)养育;教育
10. think of
to take (sth.) into account; to imagine 考
11. follow in one’s footsteps
to follow a similar occupation or lifestyle as
somebody else 从事与他人同样的职业或过
Unit 3 Career
1. Norland Nursery Training College: a college which trains children’s nurses
in the northland of the United Kingdom.
2. We got Alison: We had Alison as our nanny.
3. at the time: at a certain moment in the past.
4. Prince William: born in 1982, the first son of Prince Charles and Princess
Diana, grandson of Queen Elizabeth II.
5. a wee bit: a little bit; The word wee is informal and colloquial.
e.g. We’ll be a wee bit late, I’m afraid.
6. Everything has turned out for the best: It proves that everything is going on
7. Nannying ... socially acceptable: Taking a job as a child’s nurse is accepted
in the society. It implies that the occupation is not despised by the society.
8. Princess Diana: the ex-wife of Prince Charles, died in a traffic accident in
Unit 3 Career
• Exercise I
• Exercise II
• Exercise III
• Exercise IV
• Exercise V
• Exercise VI
Exercise I
Unit 3 Career
I. Read the text carefully again and discuss the following questions.
1. What is Amanda’s father?
2. Who was Alison?
3. When did Alison come to be with Amanda’s family?
4. Why did little Amanda adore Alison very much?
5. How was Nanny Barnes different from Alison?
6. When did Amanda realize that she wanted to be a
Exercise I
Unit 3 Career
7. What did Amanda’s parents think of young Amanda’s
decision at the time?
8. What career did Amanda’s parents expect her to
9. When did Amanda’s parents begin to encourage her
instead of frowning on her career choice?
10. Why did Amanda’s parents’ attitude change toward
her choice of career?
11. Why do Amanda’s parents feel proud of their
12. How would your parents react to your decision to be a
Exercise II
Unit 3 Career
II. Choose the best answer to each of the following questions.
( d ) 1. How did little Amanda think of her first nanny, Alison?
a. Alison was well trained as a nanny.
b. Alison was too young to be a qualified nanny.
c. Alison hardened (firm) her resolve(decision) to be a nanny.
d. Alison stirred her interest激起她的兴趣 in being a nanny.
( a ) 2. Why did Amanda want to be a nanny?
a. She enjoyed looking after children.
b. She didn’t want to study in a law school.
c. She hated to follow in her father’s footsteps.
d. Princess Diana made nannying a fashionable job.
Exercise II
Unit 3 Career
( d ) 3. How do Amanda’s parents feel about her choice of
career now?
a. Her parents think that her decision is rather childish and
she will regret sooner or later.
b. Her parents can’t come to terms with the fact that their
daughter chooses to be a nanny.
c. Her parents feel very sorry for her and believe their
daughter deserves a more decent job.
d. Her parents look upon her choice with mixed feelings but
feel proud of her being so independent.
Exercise II
Unit 3 Career
( b) 4. What is true about Alison?
a. Alison worked full-time with Amanda’s family.
b. Alison got on well with Amanda and Amanda’s sister.
c. Alison came to look after Amanda when Amanda was
d. Alison was hired by Princess Diana to nurse Prince
Exercise II
Unit 3 Career
(b ) 5. What can you conclude from the passage?
a. Every nanny in Britain should go to college for formal
b. Both Alison and Nanny Barnes influenced Amanda’s
choice of career.
c. Parents are held responsible for making good career
decisions for their children.
d. Nannying has been widely accepted as a respectable
and fashionable job in Britain.
Exercise III
Unit 3 Career
III. Give the English words or phrases according to the meanings provided.
1. ___________
to make the necessary arrangements for
2. ___________
to say that one is not satisfied, unhappy
3. ___________
sad or dissatisfied
4. ___________
to make a formal request
5. ___________
a stage in a process of change
6. ___________
loud noise; noisy argument
7. ___________
having as a part
8. ___________
pleasant; good to eat
9. ___________
to love deeply and respect highly
10. ___________
excellent; marvelous
feeling or showing pride
fashionable following a style that is currently popular
12. ___________
Exercise IV
Unit 3 Career
IV. Put the following words or expressions from the text in the
blanks to complete the sentences. Make changes where
take after
at the time
go through
make it up
get on with
make a decision
turn out
for long
bring up
follow in one’s footsteps
is following her father’s footsteps
1. The girl’s father is a doctor. She _______________________________
and studying to be a doctor.
2. As a postgraduate, he supports himself by working ________________
in a company.
3. The child ______________________
his father only when seen at a
took after
4. The secretary tells me that our new manager is very kind and easy to
get on with
Exercise IV
Unit 3 Career
going through
5. The company has been ______________________
changes for the past three years.
at the time
6. When I first heard the proposal, I agreed ______________________
but later I changed my mind.
7. The company met with a serious financial problem and had to
make a decision
as to what to do.
made it up
8. John had a quarrel with Mary last week. Has he ________________
with her yet?
turned out
9. The job ______________________
to be harder than we had
brought up
10. As a good-hearted nanny, Mrs. Smith ______________________
five parentless children.
for long
11. I haven’t seen her daughter ______________________
, so that I’ve
forgot what she looks like.
Exercise V
Unit 3 Career
V. Rewrite the following sentences and replace the underlined words
with appropriate words or phrases from the text.
1. I’ll have a little drop of cream in my coffee.
I’ll have a wee drop of cream in my coffee.
2. How can I read with all this noise going on?
How can I read with all this row going on?
3. He is going through the most exciting stage of his career.
He is going through the most exciting phase of his career.
4. Why don’t you end your quarrel and shake hands with each other?
Why don’t you make it up and shake hands with each other?
5. He has made up his mind to return to China and request for a job.
He has made up his mind to return to China and apply for a job.
6. Since he’s no longer a child, he can make his own decision.
Since he’s grown up, he can make his own decision.
Exercise VI
Unit 3 Career
VI. Word study: For each of the following clues, use the given prompts to
make sentences in the same way as shown in the model.
1. Prompt: I /simply/adore (v.)/ski/winter.
I simply adore skiing in winter.
a. many/young/female/adore (v.)/visit/fashion show
b. most/indigenous/tribe/island/adore (v.)/her/goddess
c. girl/boy/adore (v.)/film/eye-catching/special effect
a. Many young females adore visiting fashion shows.
b. Most of the indigenous tribes on the island adore her as a goddess.
c. Girls and boys adore this film for its eye-catching special effects.
Exercise VI
Unit 3 Career
2. Prompt: he/not/realize (v.)/ his/mistake
He didn’t realize his mistake.
a. he/accept/task/not/realize (v.)/ take/risk
b. she/speak/English/well/I/never/realize (v.)/ she/German
c. she/realize (v.)/ambition/become/actress/ceaseless/effort
a. He accepted the task without realizing the risk he was taking.
b. She spoke English so well that I never realized she was German.
c. She realized her ambition of becoming an actress after ceaseless
Exercise VI
Unit 3 Career
3. Prompt: we/have/small/row (n.)/but/quickly/make up
We had a small row but quickly made up.
a. he/seat/boat/begin/row (v.)/towards/harbor/mouth
b. he/always/have/row (n.)/wife/trifle
c. we/stand/row (n.)/receive/certificate/headmaster
a. He seated himself in the boat and began rowing towards the
harbor’s mouth.
b. He’s always having a row with his wife about trifles.
c. We stood in rows to receive our certificates from the headmaster.
Exercise VI
Unit 3 Career
4. Propmt: it/turn (v.) out/he/be/new/manager/firm
It turned out that he was the new manager of the firm.
a. mood/meeting/turn (v.)/solemn/problem/know
b. I/wait/long/turn (n.)/see/doctor/I/miss/train
c. many/country/start/turn (v.)/ attention/new/form/energy
a. The mood of the meeting turned solemn when the problem became
b. I waited so long for my turn to see the doctor that I missed my train.
c. Many countries are starting to turn their attention to new forms of energy.
Exercise VI
Unit 3 Career
5. Prompt: they/ spend (v.)/ energy /clean up/place
They’ve spent their energy cleaning the place up.
a. he/spend (v.)/ most/life/work/same/company
b. minister/look forward to/spend (v.)/ more/time/family
c. they/only/able/spend (v.)/ money/basic/necessity
a. He has spent most of his life working for the same company.
b. The minister was looking forward to spending more time with
his family.
c. They are only able to spend money on basic necessity.
Unit 3 Career
Role Play: Figure out Where You Belong
• Task 1: Work individually
• Task 2: Work in groups
Task 1: Work individually
Unit 3 Career
Task 1: Work individually.
It will help you to make a smart career choice if you know your unique
qualities — your abilities, talents, needs, values, and interests. Here is a
quiz to help you learn more about yourself. Read each statement and
decide if it describes you, when compared with other students.
A Quiz
What I like
1. I like to work with animals, tools, or machines.
Mostly true
Not true
2. I like to study and solve math or science problems.
Mostly true
Not true
Task 1: Work individually
Unit 3 Career
3. I like to do creative activities like art, drama, crafts, dance,
music, or creative writing.
Mostly true
Not true
4. I like to do things where I can help people — like teaching
first aid, or giving information.
Mostly true
Not true
5. I like to lead and persuade people, and to sell things and
Mostly true
Not true
6. I like to work with numbers, records, or machines in a set,
orderly way.
Mostly true
Not true
Task 1: Work individually
Unit 3 Career
How I see myself
1. I am practical, mechanical, and realistic.
Mostly true
Not true
2. I am precise, scientific, and intellectual.
Mostly true
Not true
3. I am artistic, imaginative, original, and independent.
Mostly true
Not true
4. I am helpful, friendly, and trustworthy.
Mostly true
Not true
5. I am energetic, ambitious, and sociable.
Mostly true
Not true
6. I am orderly, and good at following a set plan.
Mostly true
Not true
Task 1: Work individually
Unit 3 Career
What I value
1. I value practical things you can see and touch like plants and
animals you can grow,or things you can build or make better.
Mostly true
Not true
2. I value the creative arts — like drama, music, art, or the works of
creative writers.
Mostly true
Not true
3. I value helping people and solving social problems.
Mostly true
Not true
4. I value success in politics, leadership, or business.
Mostly true
Not true
5. I value science.
Mostly true
Not true
Task 2: Work in groups.
Unit 3 Career
Thinking about a career is always hard for youngsters. Suppose you are a
would-be employee trying to figure out where you belong and the other students
in the group are occupation counselors. After considering your skills and
interests, the counselors suggest some work possibilities for you. Take turns to
play the role of a counselee and that of a counselor.
Activity Sheet for Occupation Counselor
You may choose some of the following questions or ask whatever you think
necessary to find out more about your counselee.
What do you like to do?
What are you good at?
What do you expect of the job?
Do you like physical or outdoor activities?
Do you mind traveling a lot?
Are you patient with children or the elderly?
Task 2: Work in groups.
Unit 3 Career
Activity Sheet for Counselee
You may choose some of the following questions or ask whatever
you think necessary to have a clearer picture about the career in
What do people exactly do at work?
Is the job interesting or rather boring?
What are the skills or knowledge required for this job?
What is the responsibility of the job?
What future prospects does this job offer?
Does the job require a lot of contact with the public or coworkers?
Reading II
• Dictation
• Text
• Exercises
Unit 3 Career
Unit 3 Career
I know that times have changed, but I was brought up with
a nanny and a cook to look after me, and I never went near
the kitchen. I was taken aback (surprise) at first when my
son announced that he wanted to be a cook. His
grandfather still hasn’t got over (recovered) it, but his
mother and I are happy that he is doing something he
enjoys. Nowadays anyone with a job that they enjoy is very
Unit 3 Career
• Text
• Notes
Unit 3 Career
The Gardener
1. Hugo Grantchester, 26, has been a gardener and a tree
surgeon for four years. He went to Oxford University to
study archaeology, but he dropped out after just one
term. His father, Hector, is a surveyor and his mother,
Geraldine, is an interior designer. Hugo and his mother
talk about his choice of career.
Unit 3 Career
2. Hugo
When I was 11, we moved to a large Tudor house in East Anglia which had three
acres of garden. We had a gardener who lived in a little cottage at the end of our
drive. I used to spend hours watching him work and talking to him. I think I picked
up a lot about gardening without realizing it, because one summer, when I was still
at school, I took a job at a garden centre and I knew all the names of the plants,
and I could give people advice. Then I went to university and it was a disaster.
After a term, I told my parents that I was going to give it up and go back to work in
the garden centre. They were furious. We had a terrible row, and they didn’t speak
to me for months. But I knew it was a waste of time to carry on studying
archaeology, and the moment I started gardening again, I knew I’d made the right
decision. I’ve enjoyed every moment of the last four years and my parents have
learnt to accept what I do, not only because they can see how happy I am, but
also because a lot of my university friends have found it difficult to find good jobs
or have been made redundant. Sometimes people are quite taken aback when
they find out that their gardener went to university, but I think it makes them
respect my opinion more when I’m helping them plan their gardens.
Unit 3 Career
3. Hugo’s Mother
His father and I were so delighted when he went to Oxford, but
when he gave it up so soon, we were very, very angry. We thought
manual labour was not the career for our only son. We fell out for
months. Hector refused to allow Hugo into the house, and we all
felt thoroughly miserable. But our daughter told us not to worry
because Hugo would be a millionaire by the time he was forty.
Anyway, we’ve made it up now we can see how happy he is, even
though he hasn’t become a millionaire yet! Times have changed
and all kinds of people do all kinds of work, and I think the world’s
a better place for it!
Unit 3 Career
1. archaeology:
the scientific study of historic or prehistoric
peoples and their cultures by examining the
remains of their buildings, tombs and other objects.
2. to drop out:
to withdraw from participation of membership. (退
出; 退学)
3. surveyor:
one that surveys, esp. one whose occupation is
surveying land.
4. interior designer: a person whose job is to plan the way the inside of
a house, flat, etc. is to be decorated.
5. Tudor house:
a house with the style of architecture popular in
Tudor dynasty (1485—1603) in Britain.
6. acre:
a unit for measuring land area, now equal to 43,
560 square feet or 4, 047 square metres. (英亩)
Unit 3 Career
7. drive:
a road for vehicles that connects a private house or
garage with the street. (私用车道)
8. pick up:
to learn something easily without making much effort.
9. furious:
very angry.
10. carry on doing: to continue to do.
11. redundant:
no longer employed because there is not enough work;
be made redundant: be laid off (下岗).
12. take aback:
to surprise. (使惊讶,使吓一跳); (usu. passive)be taken
aback: be surprised or shocked.
13. only son:
one with no brothers. (惟一的儿子)
14. fall out:
to quarrel.
15. millionaire:
a person whose wealth is estimated at a million or more
(as of dollars or pounds).
Unit 3 Career
• Exercise I
• Exercise II
• Exercise III
• Exercise IV
• Exercise V
• Exercise VI
Exercise I
Unit 3 Career
I. Comprehension: True/False/Not Mentioned.
( T ) 1. Hugo Grantchester became a gardener and a tree surgeon four
years ago.
( F ) 2. Hector is an interior designer and Geraldine is a surveyor.
(NM) 3. Hugo’s parents have been working very hard in order to raise him
and his sister.
( F ) 4. When Hugo was 11, his family moved to a modern house in East
Anglia which had a very large garden.
( T ) 5. Hugo got along very well with the gardener living in a little cottage.
( F ) 6. When Hugo was still at university, he took a job as a gardener at a
garden centre and got to know many names of the plants.
Exercise I
Unit 3 Career
( NM) 7. Hugo often failed to attend classes at Oxford when he
was in the university because he thought going to
college was a disaster.
( T ) 8. His parents were very angry at his giving up his
university studies and they quarreled for months.
( T ) 9. Hugo’s parents gradually learned to accept what he
had chosen to do, not only because they could see he
was happy, but also because he had got a fine job.
( F )10. Hugo’s mother used to look down upon manual labor,
but now she considers it the best job in the world
because it has helped his son to become a millionaire.
Exercise II
Unit 3 Career
II. Discussion Questions.
1. What did Hugo’s parents want him to do?
2. What was his parents’ attitude to his choice of
career at first?
3. Has his parents’ attitude changed? If so, why?
4. Do you think mental labour is superior to manual
labour? Why or why not?
Exercise III
Unit 3 Career
III. Vocabulary: Guess the meaning of the following
underlined words and expressions from the text.
) 1. She attended the technical school for only one term and
then dropped out to become a waitress.
a. ended up
b. left school without finishing her courses
c. played truant
d. turned out
) 2. The clever young man picked up elementary spoken
English only in two months.
a. learned
b. collected
c. selected
d. mastered
Exercise III
Unit 3 Career
) 3. He was furious with the landlady over the leaking
a. complaining
b. unsatisfied
c. finding fault
d. extremely angry
) 4. The old couple had a terrible row about their son’s
a. booked two seats in a back row
b. made a plan
c. quarreled bitterly
d. were very excited
Exercise III
Unit 3 Career
) 5.
The manager told his assistant to carry on working
while he went to attend a meeting.
a. take up
) 6.
b. stop
c. put off
His reply took me so much aback that for a while I was
lost for words.
a. shocked b. frightened c. pleased
) 7.
d. continue
d. disappointed
It’s wrong for young people to look down upon manual
a. physical b. hard
c. unskille
d. heavy
Exercise III
Unit 3 Career
) 8.
From time to time the two brothers fell out over an
a. criticized
) 9.
) 10.
c. quarreled d. hurt
The middle-aged man felt miserable after his
a. free
b. fought
b. unhappy c. lonely
d. meaningless
The newly-married couple are arguing angrily and
making up by turns.
a. making peace
b. forgiving each other
c. giving in
d. blaming each other
Exercise IV
Unit 3 Career
IV. Special Use: Describing People’s Appearance.
Study the words and phrases about a person’s appearance in the table below. Then
use some of them to describe what each of the five people looks like. They are a
middle-aged lady, an old man, a soldier, a young girl, and an athlete. You have to
pick out at least one word or phrase to describe their build, height, face, eyes,
cheeks, nose, chin, mouth, hair and complexion respectively.
fat, thin, plump, slim, overweight, athletic (体格健壮的)
tall, short, tallish (稍高的),shortish,middle-sized
long, square (方的), round, oval (椭圆形的)
long eyelashes (长睫毛), thick eyelashes (浓睫毛),
bushy eyebrows (浓眉), thin eyebrows (细眉毛),deepset (深陷的)
pale, red, pink, hollow (深陷的), smooth (光洁的)
Exercise IV
Unit 3 Career
straight, big, small, flat (扁平的), long, broad
double chin, pointed chin (尖下巴), round chin
big, small, toothless
even, uneven, regular, irregular, perfect, strong
Hair Color
black, fair, blonde, golden, dyed
straight, wavy (成波浪型的), curly (卷发的), neat, untidy, bald
Complexion pale, sunburned (晒黑的), dark, fair (白皙的), ruddy (微红的)
Exercise IV
Unit 3 Career
1. a middle-aged lady:
2. an old man:
Exercise IV
Unit 3 Career
3. a soldier:
4. a young girl:
Exercise IV
Unit 3 Career
5. an athlete:
Exercise V
Unit 3 Career
V. Translate the following sentences into English, using
the expressions in the parentheses.
1. 新来的总经理秘书与公司员工相处得非常融洽。 (get on with)
The new secretary of the general manager got on very well
with the staff of the company.
2. 那个孩子梦想着长大以后当一名企业家。 (grow up)
The child dreams of becoming an entrepreneur when he grows up.
3. 一个商人在成功之前势必要经历许多困难和严峻考验。 (go through)
A businessman will have to go through many difficulties and
severe tests before he succeeds.
4. 如果你要申请某一公司的工作,需要先写一封求职信。 (apply for)
If you want to apply for a job with a company, you need to
write a letter of application first.
Exercise V
Unit 3 Career
5. 维克多在大学三年级因患肺病而不得不退学。 (drop out)
Victor had to drop out in his junior year when he developed
lung trouble.
6. 财务部门的预算报告后来证明是不切合实际的。 (turn out)
The budget report of the financial department turned out to be
7. 如果要把产品推向市场,花大量时间做市场调研是极其必要的。 (spend ...
If you want to market your product, it’s very necessary to
spend much time doing market research.
8. 为了挣更多的钱,他辞去了工作,开办了一家服装厂。 (give up)
He gave up his job and set up a clothing factory to earn more
Exercise V
Unit 3 Career
9. 他决定在他外出期间由副总裁负责公司业务。 (make a decision)
He made a decision that the vice-president should be in
charge of the company’s business when he was away.
10. 在交易时,我们不仅要大胆,而且要谨慎。 (not only...but also)
We should not only be bold, but also be cautious in trading.
11. 玛丽与她的一些同事闹翻了,决定另找工作。 (fall out)
Mary fell out with some of her colleagues and decided to look
for a new job.
12. 他盛气凌人和不讲理的态度使我大吃一惊。 (take aback)
I was completely taken aback by his aggressive and
unreasonable attitude.
Exercise VI
Unit 3 Career
VI. Cloze.
I think I’ve always been interested in food. I realized that I wanted to be a
cook when I was about 12.
the time I was 15, I had
2 the cooking
at home for my parents’ dinner parties, and I had started to make up my own
recipes. I knew my parents would not approve
3 cooking as
4 ,
so I decided to introduce them slowly to the idea. I told them that I wanted to do
a cookery course
fun, and I went for a month to a hotel in Torquay.
1. a. Before
b. On
c. By
d. After
2. a. take over b. take away
c. take off
d. take down
3. a. on
b. in
c. at
d. of
4. a. career
b. tool
c. means
d. fun
5. a. for
b. as
c. of
d. to
Exercise VI
Unit 3 Career
I enjoyed it
much that I knew I couldn’t
telling my parents
there was silence, and then my father asked me
that cooking was like painting a picture or
. I explained
a book. Every meal was an
act of creation.
6. a. too
b. quite
c. so
d. pretty
7. a. put up
b. put out
c. put on
d. put off
8. a. Firstly
b. First
c. At first
d. First of all
9. a. why
b. how
c. when
d. whether
b. to write
c. writing
d. having written
10. a. write
Exercise VI
Unit 3 Career
I could see that my father was not convinced,
patted me
he didn’t get angry. He just
the shoulder and smiled. My mother kissed me. And now that
I have opened my own
, I think they are very proud
me. However,
my grandfather (on my fathers side) is not so kind. He thinks I’m mad to have
given up
11. a. so
b. but
c. or
d. though
12. a. by
b. on
c. at
d. over
13. a. enterprise
b. firm
c. bar
d. restaurant
14. a. of
b. in
c. at
d. for
15. a. farm
b. farming
c. to farm
d. a farm
Extended Activities
•A Phonetic Drills
•B Function and Structure
•C Practical Reading
•D Additional Vocabulary
•E Business World
•F Humor Time
Unit 3 Career
Phonetic Drills: Back Vowels
Unit 3 Career
• Exercise I
• Exercise II
• Exercise III
• Exercise IV
• Exercise V
Exercise I
Unit 3 Career
I. Listen to the dialogue and find out the words contains the sounds
listed below.
Where Is the English Class?
Where is the English class?
On the first floor. Room 101.
Are you sure?
No, I ...
Look, Joana. Are those students in our class?
Maybe they are.
Excuse me. Good evening. Are you in English 4?
Yes, we are.
What’s the room number?
Student 1:
201. On the second floor.
Thank you. See you there.
Unit 3 Career
room, student, excuse
good, look
floor, four
class, are
/Q/ ______________________________________________________________
Exercise II
Unit 3 Career
II. Listen and repeat. Pay special attention to the minimal pairs:
/:/ , /J/ , /R:/ , /R/
Exercise III
Unit 3 Career
III. Listen to the following sentences and circle the word you hear in
the parentheses.
1. It’s a nice (wok, walk).
2. Can you see the (fox, forks)?
3. There are three (cocks, corks) over there.
4. How did you like the (collar, caller)?
5. He hadn’t gone far when he bumped into a (car, cow).
6. The Olympic Games began in (4th, 1st) century.
7. It dropped onto the ground and rolled under the (coach, couch).
8. On Saturday there was a big (clown, crowd).
9. The sign on the door said “ (Pool, Pull)”.
10. You’d better stay in the (warm, room) for a day or two.
Exercise IV
Unit 3 Career
IV. Read the following words and pay attention to how the stress
pattern influences the part of speech and the meanings of the
1. 5________ ________
Exercise IV
Unit 3 Career
2. 5 ________ ________
5 ________ 5 ________
a 5 darkroom
a 5 dark 5 room
a 5 greenhouse
a 5 green 5 house
a 5 blackboard
a 5 black 5 board
a 5 dancingirl
a 5 dancing 5 girl
a 5 singingbird
a 5 singing 5 bird
A Exercise V
Unit 3 Career
V. Intonation practice.
1. Listen and repeat.
Would you like ↑ coffee or ↓ tea?
Would you like ↑ veal or ↓ beef?
Would you like ↑ coffee or ↓ milk or ↓ tea?
2. Listen and mark the tones of the following sentences.
“Wh” questions: How did you spend your ↓ holiday?
Statement: I went to A↓ merica.
Yes/ No question: Was it ex↑ pensive?
Statement: ↓ Yes. ↓ Very.
A Exercise V
Unit 3 Career
Practice the following dialogue using the tones learnt above.
A: Hello, John. I’ve been looking for you.
Where have you been?
B: I’ve been to the library. I borrowed some books.
A: What books did you borrow?
B: Lots of books. Novels, magazines and some research
Function and Structure
Unit 3 Career
Expressing and Responding to Thanks
• Exercise I
• Exercise II
Exercise I
Unit 3 Career
I. Practise the following sentences with your partner, and then
complete the dialogues.
Expressing Thanks
Responding to Thanks
It’s nothing.
Thanks (a lot).
Not at all.
Many thanks.
My pleasure.
Thank you.
No trouble at all.
Thank you (very much) for
your invitation.
That’s O.K./all right.
Much appreciated.
Don’t mention it.
It’s a pleasure.
You’re (more than) welcome.
Exercise I
Unit 3 Career
Expressing Thanks
Responding to Thanks
I’m much obliged to you.
I do appreciate your timely Delighted I was able to help.
I’m glad to be of some service.
I can never thank you enough.
I’m sure you would have done
I’m extremely grateful to you. the same in my position.
I should like to express my
appreciation/gratitude for your
Exercise I
Unit 3 Career
1. Tim:
Thank you very much
for a wonderful evening.
It’s a pleasure
. I’m very glad you enjoyed
2. Cathy:
never thank you enough for
I can
what you’ve done for me,
3. Mary:
It’s nothing
Glad to be of help.
Hi , Susan. I’ve got two tickets for tonight’s rock’n’roll
concert. Would you like to come with me?
Wonderful! ___________________________.
Much appreciated
Don’t mention it
I know it’s your favorite.
Exercise I
Unit 3 Career
4. Mr. White:
I have to leave a bit early today. My wife calls to say
my little daughter isn’t feeling well.
Miss Gray: Oh,no! Is it serious?
Mr. White: I don’t know. My wife says she has a stomachache,
and she’s crying all day. I’ll have to go home now.
Miss Gray: Oh,I’m so sorry to hear that. I’ll type all these
letters for you. Don’t worry about them.
Mr. White:
I’m much obliged to you
Miss Gray: Forget it. I’m sure ___________________________
you would have done the same in
my position
Exercise II
Unit 3 Career
II. Make dialogues with your partner according to the given
situations. Pay special attention to the expressions used to
express and respond to thanks.
1. You are invited for dinner at the Smiths. Thank your host and
hostess for an enjoyable evening.
2. You have found a new job. Thank your former colleagues for all
their help and kindness to you these years.
3. You are a newly recruited employee and show your gratitude to
one of your fellow workers who kindly offer to show you around
the workplace.
4. You are the front manager of a supermarket chain. Address your
thanks to a customer for his constructive suggestions to better
your service.
Practical Reading: Business Cards
Unit 3 Career
Read the business cards below carefully. Then work in pairs.
The first round:
Student A asks questions and Student B replies according to the three cards.
P roductions Plc
Sandy Vincent
Art Director
235 High Street London W6 7DP
Tel: 081 743 5892
Fax:081 743 6351
Franco Brunello
Export Sales Manager
23 via Roma,Torino,Italy
Tel: 11 669 4632
Fax: 11 657 2943
Practical Reading
Unit 3 Career
Southern Imperial Hardware Inc.
Brian Conroy
International Sales Manager
1400 Eddy Avenue P.O. BOX 2308
Rockford, IL61103
Phone: 800-747-4665
Fax: 815-877-7454
Practical Reading
Unit 3 Career
1.Suppose the newly-built conference hall needs to be
decorated, whom should you get in touch with? Why and how?
Which way do you think is more convenient?
Sandy Vincent.
Because he is an art director.
By phone at 081-743-5892 or by fax at 081-743-6351.
Phoning is more convenient, for it can reach the
very person you want immediately and more
Practical Reading
Unit 3 Career
2. Suppose a company plans to purchase one PBX (private
branch exchange专用小交换机), which firm do you need to
contact? What’s the full address of the firm? What’s its fax
23 via Roma, Torino, Italy.
Fax: 11 657 2943.
Practical Reading
Unit 3 Career
3. If your factory manager asks you to buy some tool boxes,
whom should you turn for help? What are his surname and
first name? In which department is he working? What
particular business is he in charge of? What’s his nationality?
Brian Conroy.
His surname is Conroy and his first name is Brian.
He’s working in the International Sales Department.
He’s American.
Practical Reading
Unit 3 Career
The second round:
Student B asks questions and Student A replies according to another
three cards.
I. N. F. O. TEC.
Michael Martin
Chief Information Official
438 Harrison Hall
Oxford, Ohio, U.S.A., 45056
Office:(513) 529-6672
Home:(513) 529-2417
Fax:(513) 5296588
[email protected]
Address:1209, Ebisu-Minami,
Shibuy-ku, Tokyo 1500022,
Phone: 03-379-14225
Practical Reading
Unit 3 Career
John Halley
Address: 1754, Woodbine Ave., Toronto, Ont. Canada,
M4C 4C9
(001) 41-633-91275
Fax: (001) 41-633-91274
Email: John [email protected]
Practical Reading
Unit 3 Career
4. A boss wants to cut down on cost, for he learns from the annual report
sent by the financial department that its company’s IDD charges are
too high. He heard that using IP card would save at least 60% charges.
So he asks his employees to come up with a good solution. If you work
for the company, what will you do? Which of the three men in the cards
should you advise him to contact? What’s the position of the man in his
work place? What is the number to ring?
I’d advise him to contact Michael Martin. Because he works
for INFO TEC, which will provide him with useful information.
Chief Information Official.
Office: (513) 529-6672; Home: (513) 529-2417.
Practical Reading
Unit 3 Career
5. If the executive manager asks you to renew his company’s out-of-date
software, say Windows XP, what will you do? What does the person
you need do for a living? Which company does he work for?
He is a software engineer.
6. A department store wants to purchase a large quantity of cosmetics
during the Christmas season. Suppose you are in charge of the
cosmetics counter, which person will you contact? What’s his job? If
he is not at office, how will you reach him?
John Halley.
By sending an E-mail to him.
Additional Vocabulary
Unit 3 Career
Match the following English words about professions with their Chinese
1. businessman
1. 节目主持人
2- 1
2. presenter
2. 出纳员
3. writer
3. 空姐
4. real-estate agent
4. 话务员
5- 9
5. journalist
5. 厨师
6- 6
6. stockbroker
6. 股票 (或证券)经纪人
7. fashion designer
7. 公务员
8- 3
8. air hostess
8. 会计师
9- 4
9. operator
9. 记者
10- 5
10. chef
10. 运动员
Additional Vocabulary
Unit 3 Career
11- 8
11. accountant
11. 消防队员
12. artist
12. 销售代表
13. engineer
13. 房地产经纪人
14. fire fighter
14. 美发师
15. taxi-driver
15. 商人
16- 2
16. cashier
16. 技术员
17. athlete
17. 海员
18. clerk
18. 艺术家
19. architect
19. 外交家
20. judge
20. 导游
Additional Vocabulary
Unit 3 Career
21. sales representative
21. 作家
22. diplomat
22. 法官
23. technician
23. 出租车司机
24- 7
24. servant
24. 摄影师
25. sailor
25. 职员
26. professor
26. 时装设计师
27. hairdresser
27. 教授
28. musician
28. 音乐家
29. photographer
29. 建筑师
30. guide
30. 工程师
Business World
Unit 3 Career
What Does an Employer Do?
An employer has several options he can consider
when he wants to hire a new employee. First, he may look
within his own company. But if none of the present
employees are suitable for the position, he will have to look
outside the company. If his company has a personnel office,
he can ask them to help him find qualified applicants. There
are other valuable sources the employer can use, such as
employment agencies, consulting firms, placement offices
and professional societies. He can also advertise in the
classified section of newspapers and magazines and
request prospective candidates to send in résumés.
Business World
Unit 3 Career
The employer has two sets of qualifications to consider
when he wants to choose from among prospective
candidates. He must consider both professional
qualifications and personal characteristics. A candidate’s
professional qualifications include his education, experience
and skills. These can be listed on a résumé. Personal
characteristics, or personality traits, must be evaluated
through interviews.
Humor Time
Unit 3 Career
These figures are made up of English letters. Find out the letters and
you can know the occupation of them. What are their lines (occupations)?
2. _______