Transcript Tropical Fish
Caribbean Tropical Fish
Four-eyed Fish, Anableps
Trinidad November 2009 Photo by Eliana Ardila
Anableps skim the surface and
their eyes see above and below.
Jack the Ripper, the five foot
welcome committee at Blue Hole.
Jack the Ripper under our boat at
Mallory Blakeslee and her ‘Cudda 2005
Mike Joines & his ‘Cuddas
By Harold Baquet
Batfish, a species we see while
snorkeling in the mangroves of
Spiney Puffer from Natural History Magazine
A spiney little ball. from Natural History Magazine
How do they puff up? It’s the
stomach. From Natural History Magazine
Scorpionfish, with poison glands,
cryptically resting in Tobago.
Coney: yellow phase (l) &
bicolor phase (r)
Chub under the boat at The
Aquarium, a favorite dive site on
Long Caye, Belize.
Melissa Kaintz (02) with an edible
Horse-eye Jack – note the large eye
King Mackerel – called a King Fish
(02) with her
We’ll have a good meal soon!
Wahoo are another relative of the
Fish have a lateral line for sensing
the environment, and the shape of
the line is often used to identify fish.
Yellowfin Tuna, one of the fastest
fishes in the sea.
fish (a King
this case) often
have very red,
tissue near the
center of the
High Speed Tails
Gill Rakers in Bonita
Bicolor Damselfish adult
Bicolor Damselfish juvenile
Sunshine fish on the wall
Slippery Dick adult
Slippery Dick subadult
Jawfish with eggs in the mouth.
These are common at our dive sites.
Small goby on a coral – look closely
Sarcastic Fringehead (Goby)
Yellowprow Goby looking out
of a sponge.
Bluestripe Grunt – note the
parallel blue stripes.
Bluestriped Grunt (Kissing?)
French Grunt – note the oblique
stripes on the sides.
What do you see?
(Wildlife Conservation June 2004)
Sand diver – closely related to
Tarpon are one of the most popular
game fishes in the world. They have
huge scales that are shed continually.
Ladyfish – held by a headless hippy.
How to catch a Bonefish
Happiness with a Bonefish
More Morays (What do you think they are talking
“You get the leg, I’ll go for the crotch!” Ouch!!!
Garden Eels – common at our
Stoplight Parrotfish: male on
Midnight Parrotfish, Blue Hole,
Stoplight Parrotfish, Blue Hole,
Ocean sunfish, Mola mola
Gray Reef Shark
Students with Nurse Sharks
Is this clear water, or what?
Sand Tiger Shark
Half Eaten Shark
Shark claspers (male intromittant
organ) and Ampullae of Lorenzini
(electroreceptors) on the head
Mako sharks catch tuna – do you
think they can swim fast? Only
about 50 mph!
Great White Shark
Always be careful around water!
Whale Shark feeding
Remember the shark attacks of a few
years ago. Here’s an interesting
Remora, or Shark Sucker
Stingray and Spine
Aimée, Luz and friend.
Manta Ray Head
Spotted Eagle Ray
Martin & Winnie, 2004
This is why one shuffles ones feet
when wading where stingrays occur.
Mutton Snapper - HMC
Black Grouper – note the black
stripe on the tail
Myra Hughey (02) and her Yellowfinned Grouper
Rock Hind (a small grouper)
Spanish Hogfish Mating
Longspine Squirrelfish, Belize.
Squirrel fish with amphipod
Black Durgon – beauty in motion
Martin & Winnie, 2004
Mudskipper (out of water) in the
Bluehead Wrasse adult
Bluehead Wrasse juveniles & one
Wrasse at cleaning “stations”
Creole wrasse – a common school
A few freshwater fish
Peacock Cichlid, Petenia splendida
– locally known as Bay snook
Note the large mouth for capturing
Firemouth Cichlid, Cichlasoma
Other freshwater cichlids
A freshwater catfish in Belize
Freshwater: Red-tailed Catfish
from the Amazon
Piranha – Refugio Amazonas,
Freshwater: Piranha teeth
So, you think sharks and piranha are
Meet the Candirú, Vandellia
Small tissue chewers – a type of catfish
From the Amazon & Orinoco rivers (no, not in Belize)
Cryptic, clear, and slippery
Normally feed on the gills of fish
In humans, move toward urine
Most victims have the candirú enter the urethra while swimming
in the nude
One victim was standing thigh deep in water peeing, and a 5
inch long, 7/16 inch wide, candirú swam into his penis
Once in the urethra, the little spines of the pectoral fins lock into
place and surgery is required to extricate them.
Candirú images from the web
Many thanks to the following for
use of their slides: