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Ecodesign & Energy Labelling

Overview and review

Ministry of Economy Seminar, Vilnius, 6 November 2014 Ewout Deurwaarder European Commission

Directorate General for Energy Unit C3, Energy efficiency Unit C3, Energy efficiency

1. State of Play

2. Review of the Directives + future work plan 3. Information on specific products

How do we achieve energy efficiency in product design?

Combined effect ensures a dynamic improvement of the market:

Supply side Efficient products Demand side Ecodesign Directive 2009/125/EC Energy Labelling Directive 2010/30/EU

+ Labelling of Tyres (Regulation 1222/2009) + Energy Star (Regulation 106/2008) Both Directives are «frameworks» defining the «rules» for setting product-specific requirements through Regulations.

Ecodesign Directive (2009/125/EC)

Allows to set requirements for environmental performance of energy-related products • Main focus has been on energy in the use-phase • Can address other environmental parameters and life-cycle phases • Requirements have to be met in order to place a product on the market • Requirements are harmonised across the EU

Energy Labelling Directive (2010/30/EU)

Allows to specify an energy label for energy-related products The label shows energy efficiency in the use phase Use of other essential resources/ information during use also shown Manufacturers have to supply the label; dealers have to show it

Product-specific measures 24 ecodesign regulations (+4 amendments)

1275/2008 Electric power consumption standby and off mode 107/2009 Simple set-top boxes 244+859/2009 Non-directional household lamps 245/2009 +347/2010 Fluorescent lamps for high intensity discharge lamps 278/2009 External power supplies 640/2009 + 4/2014 Electric motors 641/2009 + 622/2012 642/2009 Televisions Circulators 643/2009 1015/2010 1016/2010 Household refrigerating appliances Household washing machines Household dishwashers 327/2011 206/2012 547/2012 Industrial fans Airco and comfort fans Water pumps 932/2012 1194/2012 Household tumble driers Directional lamps 617/2013 Computers and servers 666/2013 Vacuum cleaners 801/2013 Networked standby 813/2013 Space heaters 814/2013 Water heaters & storage tanks 66/2014 Domestic ovens, hobs and range hoods 548/2014 Power transformers ../..

Ventilation products

11 energy labelling Regulations (+1 amendment)

1059/2010 Household dishwashers 1060/2010 Household refrigerating appliances 1061/2010 Household washing machines 1062/2010 Televisions 626/2011 392/2012 Air conditioners Household tumble driers 874/2012 Electrical lamps and luminaires 665/2013 Vacuum cleaners 811/2013 Space heaters 812/2013 Water heaters & storage tanks 65/2014 Domestic ovens, hobs and range hoods 514/2014 Amending all cocerning label on the internet

Tyre labelling + 2 implementing regulations

1222/2009 228/2011 Fuel efficiency and other essential parameters Wet grip testing method for C1 tyres 1235/2011 Wet grip grading of C2, C3 tyres, measurement of tyres rolling resistance and verification procedure

2 voluntary agreements

COM (2012) 684 Complex set top boxes COM (2013) 23 Imaging equipment

On-going work Regulations under development

Ventilation products (labelling) Professional refrigeration Local space heaters Solid fuel boilers Air heating products Electronic displays Commercial refrigeration Other motors Compressors Professional wet appliances

Voluntary agreements under development

Game consoles Machine tools

Regulations under review

Household dishwashers Household refrigerating appliances Household washing machines Household tumble driers Pumps Set-top Boxes Electrical lamps and luminaires (stage 6) External power supplies Lighting (non-directional and tertiary, and special purpose)

Products under study (work plan 2012-14)

Window products Water related products Lighting controls Smart appliances/meters Power cables Enterprise servers Steam boilers Fractional horse power motors < 200W

Process for developing product-specific regulations

Step 1-7

Step 8-10

Entry into force and application

Regulations enter into force 20 days after publication in the Official Journal of EU, but .. .. requirements only become applicable from the date(s) specified in the regulation Either 'Common commencement dates' (1 January or 1 July) or exactly X years after entry into force First requirements usually (about) 1 or 2 years after publication

Implementation of Regulations

Commission provides: • References to transitional or final measurement standards (published in the Official Journal of the EU) • Guidelines (for selected products) • Energy label templates • Energy label generator (new) • Consumer's guides (new)


Market surveillance is the role of national authorities, it includes:

 Inspecting technical documentation   Product testing Inspection of labels in shops and on the internet   Random and/or risk based sampling Cooperation with other market surveillance authorities

Market surveillance regulation 765/2008

   Applies to all Union harmonisation legislation on products Applies also to Ecodesign, Energy Labelling and Tyre Labelling New proposal under negotiation in European Parliament and Council

Member States' cooperation on enforcement

Administrative Cooperation (ADCO): • Discuss common challenges • Agree on interpretation questions relevant to surveillance EU-funded projects: • Joint actions (e.g. testing) • Common procedures, exchange best practices

Voluntary agreements

Ecodesign Directive provides for self-regulation as alternative, under certain conditions Two agreements have been endorsed by the Commission (imaging equipment; complex set-top boxes) Thus, no ecodesign regulations However, regulation on stand-by & off-mode still applies

Provisions for voluntary agreements

Ecodesign Directive, ANNEX VIII


• (referred to in Article 17) • • • • • • • • • Requirements: self-regulatory initiatives must comply with all provisions of the Treaty (in particular internal market and competition rules), international engagements of the Community and the following non-exhaustive list of indicative criteria: 1. Openness of participation 2. Added value 3. Representativeness 4. Quantified and staged objectives 5. Involvement of civil society 6. Monitoring and reporting 7. Cost-effectiveness of administering a self-regulatory initiative 8. Sustainability 9. Incentive compatibility (Policy consistency )

Guidelines for voluntary agreements

General criteria ensuring coherence Under preparation, draft presented to the Ecodesign Consultation Forum June 2014. Would address: • Process transparency and information to the public • Level of ambition; market share covered • Compliance checks, auditing

1. State of Play

2. Review of the Directives + future work plan

3. Information on specific products

Timeline Review Energy Labelling & Ecodesign

• May 2013- June 2014 • Sept – Nov 2013 • Sept 2013 – Oct 2014 • 19 Feb 2014 • 20-21 Feb 2014 • 11 June 2014 • •

1 st quarter 2015 ……..

evaluation study public consultation consumer labelling study label layout meeting international conference Consultation Forum

Commission report + any proposal

Review: Results Achieved






Mtoe Expected yearly savings by 2020

Major challenges


Environmental aspects

Products versus systems

• •

Internet of Things Smart appliances


Data & Resources

Compliance/Market surveillance Energy label





• • Beyond energy-related products?

Further environmental aspects?



• Products versus systems

Package label for heating systems



• • Internet of Things Stand-by power Source: Alan Meier 25


• Smart appliances/demand response 26

Highlights of the evaluation study

Substantial, cost-effective energy savings, but not capturing full potential

• Revise energy label • Address market surveillance • Increase support for rule-making process

Mandatory product registration would help market surveillance and the rule-making process

Highlights of the consumer study

Online testing of label framing elements

Highlights of the consumer study

Green to red label scales are understood

Highlights of the consumer study

Potential new elements are not well-understood

100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% 61% 39% 32% 68% 57% 43% 68% 32% Info No info Info No info Grey arrows (indicating open scale) Benchmark marker (indicating best available technology) Correct Incorrect

Highlights of the consumer study

Purchasing behaviour best for alphabetic scale

Price premium for the more energy efficient product



phase consumer study

Testing in brick-and-mortar shops



Ecodesign/Labelling work plan 2015-2017

Study on-going assessing potential energy and other environmental impact savings: 108 products studied; in-depth assessment of 16 products Study final in January 2015 Commission to decide on work plan. Key question how much effort into revisions vs. new products

1. State of Play 2. Review of the Directives + future work plan

3. Information on specific products

New regulations (selected highlights)


Computers and servers – ecodesign – applies July 2014 Vacuum cleaners – ecodesign & label – Sept 2014 Label on the internet – Jan 2015 Coffee machines – ecodesign standby – Jan 2015 Cooking appliances – ecodesign & label – Jan/Feb 2015 Power transformers – ecodesign – July 2015 Space and water heaters - ecodesign & label – Sept 2015

New regulations (selected highlights)

Decided - not yet published

• Ventilation (ecodesign & label) • Professional refrigeration (ecodesign) • Gas, liquid and electric local space heaters (ecodesign) • Solid fuel local space heaters (ecodesign) • Solid fuel boilers (ecodesign)

New regulations (selected highlights)

On-going - not yet decided

• Professional refrigeration (label) • Local space heaters (label) • Solid fuel boilers (label) • Commercial refrigeration (ecodesign & label) • Air heating products (ecodesign)

Vacuum cleaners

Label and ecodesign apply since Sept 2014 (Regulations 665 & 666/2013)


Energy efficiency Rated input power Dust pick-up carpet Dust pick-up hard floor Dust re emission Sound Durability

Ecodesign Sept 2014

< 62 kWh/y < 1600 W ≥ 0.70

≥ 0.95


Ecodesign Sept 2017

< 43 kWh/y < 900 W

Labelling Sept 2014

A-G +kWh/annum -

Labelling Sept 2017

A+++ to D +kWh/annum ≥ 0.75

≥ 0.98

≤ 1% ≤ 80 dB(A) motor and hose small A-G small A-G small A-G number small A-G small A-G small A-G number -

Vacuum cleaners

Energy efficiency takes into account both the power input and the performance in picking up dust Commission published in August/September: • • References to standards in the Official Journal EU Guidelines Commission will review the durability requirements before they start to apply Information requirements for the specific type of fans used in vacuum cleaners have been removed from the fans regulation

(industrial) Fans

Regulation 327/2011 (electric power 125 W-500 kW) Requirements for Jan 2013 and Jan 2015 Review by April 2015 • feasibility of reducing the number of defined fan types • reduce number of exemptions, including allowances for dual use fans Study on-going; 1 st stakeholder meeting Oct 2014


Ecodesign & labelling adopted July 2014 Labelling still under scrutiny by Parliament and Council Labelling only for residential ventilation (max. flow rate 250 m³/h; or 1000 m³/h and declared as exclusively residential) Ecodesign requirements different for residential and non-residential Apply from Jan 2016

Professional refrigeration

Storage cabinets, blast cabinets, process chillers & condensing units Ecodesign voted; applies July 2016 For blast cabinets only indicative product information Walk-in cold rooms not regulated; for review in 5 years Label for only for storage cabinets; not yet adopted

Commercial Refrigeration

Display cabinets, potentially including:      segment cabinets beverage coolers small ice cream freezers vending machines soft-scoop ice cream cabinets Ecodesign & Energy Labelling Consultation Forum meeting July 2014 Adoption envisaged late 2015

Air heating products, cooling products and high-temperature chillers

Potentially including:     air heating products ≤ 1 MW cooling products ≤ 2 MW fan coil units (information requirements only) high temperature process chillers Ecodesign only Consultation Forum meeting Sept 2013 Adoption envisaged mid-2015

Solid fuel boilers ecodesign

Ecodesign Regulatory Committee voted on 13 October 2014 Requirements for 2020: • • • • • 77% (based on GCV), 75% for boilers ≤20 kW PM 40 mg/m 3 at 10% O 2 , 60 for manual boilers OGC 20 mg/m 3 at 10% O 2 , 30 for manual boilers CO 500 mg/m NO x 3 200 mg/m 3 at 10% O 2 , 700 for manual boilers at 10% O 2 , 350 for fossil fuel boilers

Solid fuel boilers - label

Not yet adopted by the Commission Intention: same label as for other space heaters (Regulation 811/2013) • • • A++ to G label from ?

A+++ to D label from 25 Sept 2019 Package label Member State experts supported an approach in which biomass condensing boilers reach class A++

Gas/liquid/electric local space heaters

Ecodesign voted; applies Jan 2018 Energy efficiency requirements, + NO x for gas & liquid Indication for electric: "only suitable for well insulated spaces or occasional use" Labelling only for gas and liquid; combined label with solid fuels; not yet adopted

Solid fuel local space heaters

Ecodesign Regulatory Committee voted on 14 October 2014 on requirements for 2022:

Product Energy efficiency Open fronted Closed fronted Closed fronted pellets Cookers 30% 65% 79% 65% Product PM mg/m 3 * OGC mg/m 3 CO mg/m 3 NO x mg/m 3 Open fronted Closed fronted Closed fronted pellets Cookers 50 40 20 40 100 100 40 100 2000 1500 300 1500

* also Norwegian and British test methods allowed with separate limit values

200 200 (300 fossil fuel) 200 200 (300 fossil fuel)

Local space heaters - label

Not yet adopted by the Commission Intention: one label for gas, liquid and solid fuel local space heaters • • • A++ to G label Best biomass appliances can reach A++ Best fossil fuel appliances can reach A

Thank you for your attention!