Practical Workshop for Regulatory Requirements

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Transcript Practical Workshop for Regulatory Requirements

Overview of
®
C63 Activities
Art Wall
Chairman, Wireless Working Group
[email protected]
Overview
Update on C63® Activities
C63.10-2013 status
C63.26 status
 Scope
 Instrumentation
 RF
Power
 Radiated measurements
 Conducted measurements
 Amplifier/Booster test procedures
Slide 2
C63®
American National Standards Committee on
Electromagnetic Compatibility
Accredited by American National Standards
Institute
IEEE is secretariat of C63®
C63 develops voluntary national standards,
some of which have been adopted by the
FCC (e.g., C63.4, C63.10)
See http://www.c63.org/index.htm for
more detail information about C63®
Slide 3
2014 Organizational Committee Members
Government, Manufacturers, Trade Associations, Test Labs
Alcatel-Lucent, ACIL, American Radio Relay League,
Apple, Blackberry Corporation, Bureau Veritas, Cisco
Systems, Dell, ETS-Lindgren, FCC, FDA, Industry Canada,
Information Technology Industry Council, IEEE-EMC
Society, Liberty Labs, Motorola Mobility, Motorola Solutions,
NIST, Northwest EMC, PC Test Engineering Laboratory,
SAE, Sony Mobile, TCB Council, Telecommunications
Industry Association, TUV SUD America, UL, US DoD –
Joint Spectrum Center, US DoD – SPAWAR
Individual Members – H. Stephen Berger, Donald Heirman, John
Lichtig, Werner Schaefer, Dave Zimmerman, and Dan Hoolihan
Slide 4
Future C63®Meetings
The Main Committee will meet May 1st – 2014 –
ETS-Lindgren – Cedar Park – Austin - Texas
Future Meetings (approximately every 6 months)
- The next meeting:
- tentatively scheduled for November 13th – 2014
- Location to be determined
Slide 5
Update on C63®Standards
C63.10 – American National Standard of procedures
for compliance testing of unlicensed wireless devices
Published - 13 September 2013
C63.26 - American National Standard of procedures
for compliance testing of licensed wireless devices
(transmitters)
– Standard is still in development
– Initial ballot expected in 2014
Slide 6
Update on
®
C63 Standards
C63.23 – American National Standard Guide for
Electromagnetic Compatibility – Computations and
Treatment of Measurement Uncertainty – Published
13 March 2013
C63.17 – American National Standard Methods of
Measurement of the Electromagnetic and
Operational Compatibility of Unlicensed Personal
Communications Services (UPCS) Devices –
Published 09 October 2013
Slide 7
Update on C63®Standards
C63.4 – 2014 – American National Standard for Methods of
Measurement of Radio-Noise Emissions from Low-Voltage
Electrical and Electronic Equipment in the Range of 9 kHz to 40
GHz - Expected publication date for next revision is April of
2014
C63.5 – 2006 - American National Standard on Antenna
Calibration – Expected publication for next revision is
Fourth Quarter - 2014
Slide 8
Update on C63®Standards
C63.14 – American National Standard – Dictionary of
EMC including E3
• Last published in 2009
• Publication of the next edition is expected:
• Third Quarter – 2014
C63.25 - American National Standard on Validation
Methods for EMC Radiated Emission Test Sites
• Standard is still in the early stages of development
• Will validate time domain method with SVSWR method
• Initial ballot will be late 2014 or early 2015
Slide 9
Update on C63®Standards
C63.9 – American National Standard for RF
Immunity of Audio Office Equipment to
General Use Transmitting Devices with
Transmitter Power Levels up to 8 Watts
• Second Reaffirmation ballot being done in March of
2014 due to comments being received during the first
reaffirmation
Slide 10
Wireless Working Group
 Established by C63® in 2006 at the request
of the TCB Council.


C63/SC-1/WWG charged with developing
voluntary compliance standards for testing both
licensed and unlicensed transmitters
The procedures for determining compliance of
both licensed and unlicensed transmitters have
not been well documented, or are scattered
throughout of plethora of documents (rules,
KDB’s, interpretation letters, etc.)
 As a result of WWG work, C63.10 (2013)
was published and is expected to be used by
the FCC for testing unlicensed transmitters.
 Work on C63.26 began about 2 years ago.
Slide 11
Major changes to C63.10-20xx
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
4.
5.
6.
Maintenance items – editorial corrections to C63.10
(2009)
4.1.3 – spectrum analyzer use clarified
4.1.4 – detector functions, measurement of pulse
emissions, and average measurements clarified
4.1.5 – reference level, attenuation and headroom (new)
4.3 – antenna use clarified (new table added)
5.2 – clarification of test sites > 1 GHz – site must conform
to CISPR 16-1-4 (2007) – 1-18 GHz
5.3.1 – Clarification of test distance for devices operation
18-40 GHz
5.6.2 – streamlined test channels and test mode
procedures for UNII and DTS devices
6.3 - 6.6 – revised text to reduce redundancy, clarify
maximization of emissions, establish new procedures for
measurements above 1 GHz and introduced new
alternative procedure for measurement of small
transmitters operating above 1 GHz
Slide 12
Major changes to C63.10-20xx
5.
7.
8.
6.4 – new extrapolation factor for emissions below 30 MHz
based on frequency and size of EUT
6.10 – Occupied Bandwidth Measurements – Relative
bandwidth testing and 99% power bandwidth testing
6.11 – Bandedge Measurements – a number of new procedures
depending on regulatory requirement – See Annex L for bandedge
requirements
•
•
•
•
Authorized bandedge procedure
Relative bandedge procedure
Restricted bandedge testing
Marker-Delta method
7.5 – clarified procedure for determining average of pulse
emissions
10. 7.7 – clarified procedures for BE and OBW of frequency
hopping devices
11. 7.8 – clarified procedures for mm-wave devices (KDB 20043)
9.
12. 7.11 – New DTS device testing (KDB 558074)
Slide 13
Major changes to C63.10-20xx
12. 7.12 – New UNII device testing procedures (KDB
789033)
13. 7.13 – New antenna array testing procedures
14. 7.14 – New procedures for combining emissions
from multiple outputs (KDB 662911)
15. 7.15 – New FM transmitter in-vehicle testing procedures
• Wireless transmission between the FM source and the vehicle
antenna.
• Injection into a vehicle’s wiring system via the cigarette lighter
adapter (CLA) socket.
• Capacitive coupling to a vehicle FM whip antenna, roof top
antenna, or embedded glass antenna.
• Direct connection to a vehicle FM radio antenna input.
16. 7.16 – New procedures for testing inductive loop
devices operating on frequencies below 100 kHz.
Slide 14
Major changes to C63.10-20xx
17.
8.0 – Revised test report requirements – deleted reference
to 17025 and regulatory reporting requirements – retained
only those items needed for documenting compliance test
results.
Annex A – expanded cross-reference between FCC
rule sections to procedures in C63.10
19. Annex G – guidelines for measurements above 1 GHz
20. Annex H – guidelines for measurements of
broadband emissions
21. Annex I – ERP/EIRP guidelines
22. Annex J – Rationale for alternative emission
measurements > 1 GHz
23. Annex K – Site considerations for inductive loop
devices
18.
Slide 15
C63.26 – Licensed transmitters
C63.26 – compliance testing of transmitters
operating in a licensed radio services … with
a blanket or individual license
 11th
draft circulated for review and discussion at
WWG meeting April 28-29, 2014 in Austin, TX
A
number of key issues to be discussed in
Austin, as mentioned below.
 Draft
is maturing and is expected to be
circulated balloting in 2014
Slide 16
C63.26 TOC
1. Scope and purpose
2.
3.
4.
5.
Normative references
Definitions and acronyms
Measurement instrumentation
General tests
5.1
5.2
5.3
5.4
5.5
5.6
Spectrum to be investigated
RF Power
Modulation characteristics
Occupied bandwidth tests
Radiated tests
Frequency stability tests
Slide 17
C63.26 TOC
6.Specific radio services
6.1 Mobile radio services (Parts 22, 24, 25 & 27)
6.2 Medical telemetry power tests
6.3 Smart antennas
6.4 Combining multiple outputs
6.5 Broadband measurements
procedures for public safety radio
services
Slide 18
C63.26 TOC
7. RF Amplifiers, repeaters and
Boosters
7.1
7.2
7.3
7.4
Instrumentation requirements
Industrial boosters
Wideband consumer boosters
Provider-specific consumer
boosters
8. Test reports
Slide 19
Annexes
 Annex
 Annex
 Annex
 Annex
 Annex
 Annex
 Annex
 Annex
 Annex
 Annex
 Annex
A – test methods vs. rules
B – sample test reports
C – pre-test site path loss
D – ERP & EIRP calculations
E – Emission masks
F – Broadband measurements
G – Swept measurement path loss errors
H – Consumer booster CMRS frequencies
I – Mobile Station Coupling Loss
J – Wideband consumer booster noise limits
K – P booster noise and gain limits
Slide 20
Clause 1 – Scope and purpose
 Consensus standard for testing licensed transmitters
 Purpose: to provide testing guidelines for a large
variety of licensed transmitters
 Does not include
Large high power transmitters (e.g., Broadcast
transmitters)
 Broadcast, Aviation, Marine, Satellite Radio Services
 RF exposure testing
 ISM equipment
 Un-licensed Part 15 transmitters

 Annex A provides comparison of test procedures
and applicable Rules
Slide 21
Clause 4 – test instrumentation
Some of this material comes from C63.102013
Key issues under discussion
 Guidance
for use of EMI receivers and SA
 Detector functions and selection of bandwidths
 Reference level, attenuation and headroom
 Guidance for use of antennas
 Test sites
Slide 22
Clause 5 – general test procedures
 General test requirements in 47 CFR 2.1047
through 2.1057.
 Key issues under discussion:
5.2 RF power output measurements
Narrowband test procedures
Test procedures for digital devices
5.4 Occupied bandwidth
Defining OBW procedures for new technology devices
Examples of bandwidth masks provided
5.5 Radiated emission testing
Radiated tests using substitution method
Tests using directed method on OATS (alternative test?)
Correlation tests
Slide 23
4m
X
Ant
EUT
Turntable
Signal
Source
1
0.8
m
1m
m
RF Test
Receiver
Ground
Plane
Figure 4 -- Radiated emission measurement
October 22, 2013
TCBC Workshop -- Fall 2013
Slide 24
4m
Substitution
Ant
Turn
SG Table
1
3 or 10 m
mm
Ant
1m
m
0.8m
RF Test
Receiver
Ground
Plane
Figure 5—Substitution method set-up for radiated emission
Slide 25
6.5 – SLMRS Broadband procedures
Procedures for specialized Land Mobile
Radio Services using broadband
technology; e.g., 4.9 GHz Public Safety and
3650 MHz Broadband Service
 3650-3700
MHz band broadband systems
Band power
Power density measurement
Verifying convention based protocols
Guidance notes on testing wireless broadband
services
Slide 26
6.5 – SLMRS Broadband procedures
 4.9
GHz public safety radio service test
procedure
Transmitter power output testing
Antenna-port conducted versus radiated testing
Duty cycle(x), transmission duration (T) and
maximum power control level
Peak power spectral density for broadband signals
(PPSD)
Peak excursion measurement
Method PM (test using an RF average power meter)
Emission bandwidth
Slide 27
FCC 13-21 – New Signal Boosters Rules
Report and Order, adopted 2/20/13
 Two
classes of signal boosters
Consumer – personal “out-of-the-box” booster
• Wideband Consumer Signal Booster
• Provider-Specific Consumer Signal Booster
Industrial – all other signal boosters, including
those deployed in PLMR bands
 Network
Protection Standard (NPS)
 Codified 47 CFR 20.21
 Mandatory after April 30, 2014? – existing
boosters can no longer be marketed
Slide 28
Signal Booster WWG/TG
WWG/TG formed in April, 2013
 Interested
parties invited to join
 17 members – numerous times since April.
 Wideband Consumer Boosters procedures by
TG included in the current draft for C63.26.
 OET has used this draft as the basis of a draft
KDB
 Other booster procedures under development
 See KDB Publication 935210, D01 Booster
definitions, D02 – Certification requirements
and D03 – test requirements
Slide 29
7 – Industrial repeater & amplifiers
Test procedures for licensed industrial
boosters
 Types
(See definitions in 3.2)
External RF power amplifier
Booster (automatically re-radiates without
frequency translation)
Repeater (may include frequency translations)
Wideband consumer boosters –
Industrial Boosters –
Provider-specific boosters –
Slide 30
7.3 – Wideband consumer boosters
 Procedures for Wideband Consumer Boosters
Maximum transmitter input levels
Authorized frequency band verification test
Maximum power measurement test
Maximum Booster Gain Computation
Intermodulation product test
OOBE test
Conducted spurious emission test
Noise limit test procedure
Uplink inactivity test
Variable booster gain test
Occupied bandwidth test
Oscillation detection test
Radiation emission test
Spectrum block filtering test
Slide 31
1
2
1
Figure 1 — Test setup for uplink noise power measurement in the
presence of a downlink signal
Figure 1
—Variable gain instrumentation test setup
Slide 32
7.4 – Provider-specific boosters
 Procedures for provider-specific boosters
 Two operational modes required – Normal and Test Mode
 Authorized frequency band verification test (2 tests – frequency
band of operation and only CMRS licensee’s spectrum block)
 Maximum power measurement test
 Maximum booster gain computation
 Intermodulation product test
 Out-of-band emission test
 Conducted spurious emission test
 Noise limit test procedure
 Uplink inactivity test
 Variable booster gain test
 Occupied bandwidth test
 Oscillation detection test
 Radiation emission test
 Spectrum block filtering test
 Out-of-band gain limits test (2 procedures – one in test mode and
other to ensure CW signal impractical)
 Frequency stability test
Slide 33
1
Figure 17— Provider-specific booster test configuration in normal mode
1
Figure 24— Downlink Oscillation Detection Test Setup
Slide 34
7.1 – Instrumentation requirements
 Additional instrumentation requirements for testing
consumer boosters
 Spectrum analyzer: adequate tuning range, power averaging RMS
detector, trace averaging, integrated power function, burst power
measurement, peak detector, max hold function
 Digital storage oscilloscope: used with RF detector for time
domain measurements, must have sufficient dynamic range
 Signal generator: 100 kHz to 3 GHz, -103 to +20 dBm, replicates
CMRS symbols with pseudo-random symbol pattern, generate nonpulsed and pulsed CW tones and band-limited AWGN
 RF step attenuators: linear step attenuators to provide 0-70 dB
attenuation in 10 dB steps, 0-10 dB in 1 dB steps, 0-1 dB in 0.1 dB
steps
 RF combiner and directional coupler: matched to band under
test, rated > 1 W, coupler > 10 dB coupling loss
 RF filters: rated > 1 W for specific EUT tuning ranges, tunable
filters recommended
 RF cables and adapters: for frequency and power ranges with
impedance matched (VSWR ≤ 1.5:1) wrs to EUT
 Base station simulators: required for certain tests
Slide 35
7.2 – Industrial boosters
Procedures for industrial boosters
Maximum power measurement test (CMRS and Public
Safety)
Mean output power and amplifier gain
Safety)
(CMRS and Public
Intermodulation product test
Out-of-channel block and spurious emissions
Out-of-band rejection test (CMRS and Public Safety)
Frequency stability
Test methods for narrow band public safety devices
Conducted spurious emission test
Radiation emission test
Slide 36
Pertinent KDB’s
 KDB Publication 412172 – ERP and EIRP
 KDB Publication 449343 – Pre-calibrated test
site
 KDB Publication 449343 – Procedures for
licensed wideband (> 1 MHz) DTS
 KDB Publication No. 662911 – MIMO and
smart antennas
 KDB Publication 935210, D01 Booster
definitions, D02 – Certification requirements
and D03 – test requirements
Source: http://transition.fcc.gov/oet/ea/eameasurements.html
Slide 37
Participation encouraged
• Labs and manufacturer representatives
welcome to participate in the work of the
Wireless Working Group.
• No fees … only requirement is to
contribute.
• Information about C63 may be found at
http://www.c63.org/index.htm
• Contract Art Wall at
[email protected], if you wish to
participate.
Slide 38
Thank You …
Any Questions
Art Wall
Radio Regulatory Consultants, Inc.
Chairman, C63® Wireless Working Group
[email protected]
410-643-1649 (office)
410-924-1070 (cell)