Transcript Chapter Nine Part Two
• Objectives – After completing this chapter, the student should be able to: • • • •
Explain the function of an oscilloscope.
Identify the basic parts of an oscilloscope and explain their functions.
Demonstrate the proper setup of an oscilloscope.
Describe how to use an oscilloscope to make a measurement.
• Oscilloscopes – Most versatile piece of test equipment available for working on electronic equipment and circuits.
– Provides a visual display of what is occurring in the circuit.
• Oscilloscopes provide: – The frequency of a signal.
– The duration of a signal.
– The phase relationship between signal waveforms.
– The shape of a signal’s waveform.
– The amplitude of a signal.
• The basic parts of an oscilloscope are: – – – –
A cathode ray tube (CRT).
A sweep generator.
Horizontal and vertical deflection amplifiers.
• Cathode-ray tube (CRT) – – –
A phosphor screen.
An electron gun.
• Faceplate – Marked in centimeters along the vertical and horizontal axis.
– Can be calibrated with a known voltage before testing an unknown signal.
– Called a graticule, and is separate from the oscilloscope.
– Mounted in front of the CRT.
• Power switch – Usually on the front panel.
– May be a toggle, push-button or rotary switch.
– Mounted separately or with another switch.
– Used to apply line voltage to operate the oscilloscope.
• Intensity switch – Also called brightness.
– Controls the electron beam within the CRT.
– It is a rotary control.
– Too much intensity for too long can burn a hole or etch a line in the phosphor screen.
• Focus and astigmatism controls – Connected to the electron gun.
– Used to adjust the electron beam size and shape.
– Rotary controls.
• Horizontal and vertical position controls – Rotary controls.
– Allows the electron beam to be positioned anywhere on the face of the CRT.
• Horizontal block – Consists of: • • •
A vertical input jack.
An AC/DC switch.
A volts/cm rotary switch
– The oscilloscope probe is connected to the input jack.
– The probe is then connected to the circuit to be tested.
• Horizontal block – Also called the time base.
– Consists of: • • •
A time/cm rotary switch.
A trigger-control switch.
A triggering level control.
• Level control – Sets the amplitude that the triggering signal must exceed before the sweep generator starts.
• Initial oscilloscope control settings: – Intensity: set to the center of range.
– Focus: set to the center of range.
– Astigmatism: set to the center of range.
– Position: set to the center of range.
– Triggering: INT + – Level: AUTO – Tine/cm: 1 msec – Volts/cm: 0.02
– Power: ON
• In Summary – An oscilloscope provides: • • • • •
Frequency of the signal.
Duration of the signal
Phase relationships between signal waveforms.
Shape of the signal’s waveform.
Amplitude of the signal
– The basic parts of an oscilloscope are: • • • • •
Cathode-ray tube (CRT).
Horizontal deflection amplifier.
Vertical deflection amplifier.