Post World War II Developments

Download Report

Transcript Post World War II Developments

Post World War II
Lesson 23
SS8H10 The student will evaluate key postWorld War II developments of Georgia from 1945
to 1970.
a. Analyze the impact of the transformation of
agriculture on Georgia’s growth.
b. Explain how the development of Atlanta, including the
roles of mayors William B. Hartsfield and Ivan Allen, Jr.,
and major league sports, contributed to the growth of
c. Discuss the impact of Ellis Arnall.
EQ: What were the developments of Georgia from 1945
to 1970? How did they impact Georgia?
Georgia remained a farming state until after
World War II, which ended in 1945.
The number of people living in the country
remained around 2 million from 1920-1960. By
1990, however, the percentage of people living
in the country would drop to only a quarter of
those in Georgia.
Georgia cities had begun to grow. Today less
than 2% of Georgians are involved with farms.
Most of Georgia’s farms sell less than $10,000in
products a year.
1940-1950 the yearly income went from
300 to 1,000.
 Farmers had access to tractors, harvesting
machines, refrigerated trucks and new
chemicals to control weeds.
 10% of farmers grew cotton.
 Peanuts made more money
William B. Hartsfield
William B. Hartsfield
served as mayor of
Atlanta for longer than
any other mayor in the
city’s history—six terms,
from 1937-1961.
During his tenure,
Atlanta’s population
multiplied by ten times—
from 100,000 to 1 million.
In regard to the laws
governing people of color,
Hartsfield promoted the
idea of Atlanta as a “City
Too Busy to Hate”.
Hartsfield, cont.
Hartsfield’s political career began at the age of
32, when he was elected to the Atlanta City
There he worked to build Atlanta’s aviation
At the time he began his campaign, in the
1920s, people did not yet fly for travel as they do
In 1928, he was named Atlanta’s “father of
aviation” by the Atlanta Chamber of Commerce.
 1932:
Hartsfield ran for the Georgia
House of Representatives,
He ran again and was elected to
represent Fulton County.
He was elected Atlanta’s Mayor.
The Great Depression had hurt Atlanta’s
economy, Hartsfield secured donations
from Coca-Cola, and his strict budgeting
helped the city recover by 1938.
Hartsfield was defeated as mayor in 1940.
However, when the U.S. joined World War II in
1941, the current mayor joined the military. A
special election was held in 1942 and Hartsfield
won again. He was elected for four more
In 1952, Atlanta tripled its size from 37 to 128
square miles, adding 100,000 people to its
In 1961, Hartsfield choose not to run for office
Hartsfield died in 1971, and the Atlanta airport
was renamed in his honor.
Atlanta became the
home base for
Delta Air Lines
Interstate System
was developed
between 19501960
Atlanta Rapid
Transit Authority:
Ivan Allen, Jr.
Ivan Allen, Jr. served in World
War II. Then, he worked for
the governor and his fathers
When Hartsfield left office, he
won and served as mayor from
1962-1970. People credit him
with keeping peace during the
civil rights movement.
As mayor, Allen was liberal.
Allen’s first act was to have
signs like “White Only” over
water fountains removed from
City Hall.
Allen also ended the rule that
Black police officers could not
arrest a white person and the
blacks could not be firefighters.
Ivan Allen, Jr. cont.
Allen worked with civil rights leaders such
as Martin Luther King, Jr.
 Allen was the only politician from the
South to speak in favor of the Civil Rights
Act in the U.S. Congress.
 By 1964, Allen was able to bring
desegregation to all public facilities in
Unfortunately, Allen was the mayor during the
construction of a concrete wall intended to keep
black people away from a white area.
This incident was called the Peyton Road Affair.
The wall was later found to be unconstitutional
and was torn down.
Allen worked to bring the Atlanta Braves to the
city. He worked to build the Atlanta Stadium for
a team and then convinced the team to move to
Milwaukee, Wisconsin. He also helped bring
major league football and basketball teams to
the city in the late 1960s.
Who was the mayor of Atlanta for the
longest terms?
What does MARTA stand for?
Name 2 inventions that helped southern
What crop was more profitable in 19451960?
Who was the father of aviation?
Hartsfield is home of what major airline
7. Who ended the rule that a black police
officer could not arrest a white person?
8. Name 1 more good thing he did to help
9. What was the Peyton Road Affair?
10. What team did Allen bring to Atlanta?
Sidney Lanier: Ga Author
The Marshes of Glynn
James Brown
“Godfather of Soul”
“I Feel Good”
Otis Redding
on the Dock
Of the Bay”
Ray Charles
“Georgia on my Mind”
Brenda Lee
“I’M Sorry”
Gladys Knight
“I Head it through
The Grapevine”
Little Richard
“Tutti Fruitti”
Atlanta Braves
When the Braves moved to
Atlanta, they were the first
professional sports team to be
located in the South.
In 1966, the Braves played its
first season and in 1969, they
won the Western Division of the
National League.
One player, Hank Aaron, set the
1974 record for the most
In 1976, Ted Turner bought the
Braves. Turner owned a cable
network and wanted to play the
team’s games on his channel.
This was the beginning of a well
known television station, TBS.
Through the 1980s, the Braves
continued to play poorly. In
1991, the team hired new
players and the season ended
with the team winning the
Western Division title.
Through the early 1990s, the
number of fans attending
games rocketed to 3 million.
Finally, in 1995, the Braves
won the World Series. It was
the first national title for a
Georgia team.
The Braves made it to the
World Series two more times,
in 1996 and 1999. Both times
they lost to the New York
Atlanta Falcons
In 1965, the Atlanta Falcons football team joined
the NFL. Rankin M. Smith of the Life Insurance
Company of Georgia purchased the team for
$8.5 million.
Like the Braves, the Falcons played their first
game in 1966, at the Atlanta Stadium.
Throughout the 1970s the team was not strong,
but in 1977, the team began to improve.
In 1998, they played in the Super Bowl, but lost.
Since then, the team has continued to struggle
for wins.
Today, Arthur Blank and Rich McKay of The
Home Depot own the Falcons.
Atlanta Hawks
The Hawks are an NBA team that moved to Atlanta in
1968 from St. Louis, Missouri. They play at the Philips
Georgia real estate developer Thomas Cousin and
former Georgia Governor Carl Sanders purchased the
team for Atlanta.
In 1977, Ted Turner purchased the team and in 1980,
the team won the Central Division Title.
The team is currently owned by Atlanta Spirit, a
company with nine owners that also controls the Philips
The Hawks are currently coached by Mike Woodson, the
team’s tenth head coach since they moved to Atlanta in
Atlanta Thrashers
The Atlanta Thrashers is a hockey team that
plays in the NHL.
The Thrashers came to Atlanta in 1999, when it
was purchased by Ted Turner.
Today, Atlanta Spirit owns the team. Atlanta
Spirit bought the Hawks, Thrashers and Philips
Arena for $250 million.
The Thrasher have yet to have a winning
season, but are very active in community
Ellis Arnall
Arnall served as governor of
Georgia from 1943-1947.
During this time, Arnall
aggressively reformed
Georgia government and
paid off the state debt.
He was elected to represent
Coweta County in the
Georgia House of
Representatives when he
was just 25 years old.
At 31, he was appointed
Attorney General of the
state, the youngest in the
country at that time.
In 1942, at 35 years old, Arnall defeated Eugene
Talmadge and became governor, also the youngest in
the nation.
Arnall worked to bring progressive reform to the state.
He worked to restore accreditation to Georgia’s
Universities. He also reformed the state prisons, tax
system, and lowered the state’s voting age.
Arnall also backed an unpopular liberal in the 1944
presidential election.
Arnall’s reforms also allowed black voters to vote in the
state’s white-only primary elections. Courts had already
ruled that such primaries were unconstitutional. Other
states were avoiding enforcing this rule, but Arnall did
Eugene Talmadge unseated Arnall in the next governor’s
1. Which statement BEST explains
William B. Hartsfield’s importance on
A. William Hartsfield enjoyed riding on
B. William Hartsfield was afraid to fly.
C. William Hartsfield worked to make
planes safer.
D. William Hartsfield was the father of
aviation in Georgia.
2. Which statement BEST explains Ellis
Arnall’s political point of view?
A. He was a conservative.
B. He was not a politician.
C. He was a progressive reformer.
D. He was the founder of the progressive
3. Which even brought the only
national championship win in
Georgia’s professional
A. The World Series of 1995
B. The Super Bowl of 1974
C. The NBA Championships of 1998
D. The Rose Bowl of 1983
4. Ted Turner has owned:
A. The Braves and the Falcons
B. The Falcons and the Hawks
C. The Braves and the Hawks
D. The Falcons and the Thrashers