GM FEED - Zemes draugi

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Transcript GM FEED - Zemes draugi

EU legislation on GMOs:
Overview and challenges
Euro Coop Sustainability Working Group
27 October 2010
Sébastien Goux
Unit Biotechnologies
EU legislation on GMOs
 Safety
 Each GMO MUST be authorised
 Information => Labelling
 All GM food containing or produced
from GMOs (e.g. oil, sugar)
 All GM feed containing or produced
from GMOs
Regulation on Food and Feed:
a fully integrated approach
GM SEEDS
ENVI
Risk
GM FOOD
GM FEED
- containing or
consisting of GMOs
- containing or
consisting of GMOs
-produced from
GMOs
- produced from
GMOs
Food/Feed
Risk
Authorisation procedure
• Product development
Appl. • Dossier/Risk assessment/Detection
• Risk assessment
EFSA • Questions to applicant
• Authorisation: Yes/No + conditions
COM • Comitology
http://efsa.europa.eu
Panels & Units GMO
GMO Applications
Authorisation aspects
Authorisation procedure
after EFSA opinion
Commission
Working group
EFSA’s
Final opinion
Commission
Proposal of Decision
Standing Committee (SCFCAH – GMFF)
Opinion, 3 months after EFSA’s opinion
Comments from
The public
Commission
Against, QM
In favour, QM
Commission decision
- Publication in OJ
- Inclusion in GMO register
No opinion /
In favour, QM
No Opinion
Council, 3 months
Against, QM
Commission to redraft the proposal
http://eu.europa.eu/food
Biotechnology
GM Food & Feed
Community Register
of GM Food and Feed
GMO authorised for cultivation
 Maize MON810
 Amflora Starch potato
The EU legislative framework
on GMOs is under tension
The societal debate
Eurobarometer 64.3 (2006)
Bt maize yields v conventional maize in 3 regions of
Spain (JRC-IPTS study)
14
12
10
2002
2003
2004
12,1%
11,8%
10,9%
11,6%
8
6
4
4,3%
1,8%
2
1,5%
0,5%
0
-2
-1,3%
Albacete
Lleida
Zaragoza
Surface(2005)
7957 ha
16830 ha
21259 ha
Surface (2007)
3659 ha
23013 ha
35860 ha
Evolution
-54 %
+ 37%
+ 68%
GM feed: A set of actions regarding
the issue of asynchronous authorisations
 Within the EU
 Streamlining the authorisation procedure
 Harmonisation of controls
 Evaluation of the legislative framework
 At International level
New approach on cultivation:
Strategy in two steps
New Recommendation on
coexistence
Non binding act
More flexible guidance to Member States
on how to avoid presence of GMOs in
other products
Proposal for an EP and Council Regulation
modifying Directive 2001/18/EC
 Objective
 To provide a legal base for MS which want to
ban or restrict cultivation of authorised GMOs
 Conditions
 Not linked to safety
 In agreement with EU law and international
obligations
Looking ahead – Major challenges

Cultivation
– Implementation of new Commission approach
• Co-existence => Organic, non-GM and GM
• Restrictions by Member States


Evaluation of EU GM legislative framework
Societal/Political debate
– Responsible innovation



Safety: Food, Feed & Environment
Economic impacts
Debate on labelling requirements
– Use of GM feed
– GMO free
Thank you !