Aucun titre de diapositive - Organization of American States

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Transcript Aucun titre de diapositive - Organization of American States

International Report on Crime Prevention and
Community Safety and
International Compendium of Practices to Inspire Action Across
the World
Presented at the
Meeting on the Prevention of Crime and Violence:
Committee on Hemispheric Security
Of the Organization of American States (OAS)
February 5th, 2009
Washington, D.C.
Laura Capobianco,
Senior Analyst and Project Manager,
International Centre for the Prevention of Crime (ICPC)
Email: [email protected]
About ICPC (1)
An international network of governments, NGOs and UN
organisations promoting safety. The Centre is trilingual
(English, French, Spanish).
Created in 1994 by the governments of Canada, France and
Quebec, now 11 member governments: Argentina, Australia,
Chile, Hungary, Norway, South Africa, the State of Queretaro
(Mexico), and El Salvador.
Also ICPC members include 30 institutes specialized in crime
prevention.
About ICPC (2)
An international observatory, a centre of expertise, and a tool for
technical assistance
Some recent examples of activities:
o Key for Safer Municipalities Toolkit (a partnership with IDB)
o Police Modules: International Learning’s on the Go
o Organization of upcoming international workshops: Community
Safety and Indigenous Peoples, Ottawa, Canada (March 10th,
2009)
o Mission in Haiti (Mobilizing Local Actors in Prevention, Crime
Observatory, in partnership with UNDP)
The International Report in Brief
An analytical tool of prevention strategies, a marker for
emerging challenges, an instrument to disseminate relevant
policies and practices.
Divided into two parts:
– Crime trends (thematic analysis on youth safety, women’s
safety, school safety, and management of safer public spaces
and large sporting events (crimes of everyday life)
– Trends and Developments in Crime Prevention:
Preventive responses to the above issues.
The Compendium in Brief
Includes 65 projects or strategies from 30 countries - what
communities can do to prevent and respond to crime challenges.
Provides a source of inspiration of ideas, and reconfirms the
value of processes in relation to strategic and effective crime
prevention.
Divided into Five Main Thematic Sections:
Aspects of Community Safety, Youth at Risk, Youth Gangs,
Community Safety and Indigenous Peoples, Police - Community
Partnerships in Crime Prevention.
Who Do they Address?
Decision-makers in different jurisdictions: cities, regions
and countries
Specialized practitioners, non governmental organizations,
and members of civil society engaged in crime prevention
International organizations, United Nations’ agencies and
affiliated, development banks and donors
Researchers specialized in crime prevention
ICPC’s Report and accompanying
Compendium illustrate a spectrum of
expertise
Some Main Conclusions (1)......
1.
Crime Prevention is now guided by international standards,
is evolving and becoming more widespread.
UN Guidelines for the Prevention of Crime ( ECOSOC 2002/12)
Principles for effective crime prevention:
1. Enhance the rule of law
2. Serve socio economic development and inclusion
3. Evidence and not ideology should drive prevention
4. Should be community centered
5. Governments, civic and business communities should establish
and foster partnerships among themselves
6. Should be developed and promoted on the basis of
sustainability and accountability, through information sharing
and community involvement (UNODC in ICPC 2008, p.134)
Some Main Conclusions (1)......
…in 2006, 42 countries completed the UN questionnaire
of the implementation of the UN Guidelines on Crime
Prevention
Throughout the world, an increasing number of
countries are developing ambitious crime prevention
strategies and action plans.
Some Main Conclusions (2)......
2. Prevention is effective when it takes place at the local level
and uses a comprehensive strategy involving diverse
partners (Some examples: San Romanoway Association
(SRA), Toronto, Salto Model, Norway, City of Diadema, Brazil,
iTrump Warwick Junction Project, eThekwini municipality, South
Africa)
......A greater recognition, that crime prevention must be
tailored to context and needs, and involve a more nuanced
understanding of partnership building and its challenges.
Communities in Action for Safety
The 10 year experience of the SRA highlights some
important elements:
 A tool to understand community strengths, identify challenges
related to risk factors, monitor progress, and assess impact.
 Support allocated by both public and private partners towards
a comprehensive approach (Situational measures, social
development, capacity building and reducing recidivism)
 The importance of a structure/mechanism to ensure
sustainability
 The private sector can contribute to a local crime prevention
initiative beyond security provision and help open doors to
additional support.
Communities in Action for Safety
The experience of iTrump Warwick Junction Renewal
Project highlights some important lessons and challenges:
 Institutional embedding within local government (health, economic
development, solid waste, traffic authority, parks, housing) to help
sustain action
 Value of a participatory planning approach
 Several measures in place by the operation team with implications
for crime prevention (environmental design, conflict resolution,
Safer cities, etc.)
Challenges
 Managing competing time lines
 Vision maintenance throughout the process
Some Main Conclusions (3)
3. Capacity building measures must be supported to help
sustain effective crime prevention initiatives
Some Examples:
 Safety Audits
 Crime Observatories
 Consultation and Participatory Approaches
This first analysis …….
Has confirmed the need to strengthen knowledge about crime
prevention with greater dissemination and exchange.
Is a work in progress which will benefit communities throughout
the world.
The forthcoming International Report (2010) will:
Be presented at the 12th UN Congress on Crime Prevention
and Criminal Justice, Brazil, April 12-19, 2010
THANK YOU FOR YOUR TIME!