Transcript SCANSION

SCANSION
Scansion is the process of analyzing
poetry's rhythm by looking at meter
and feet.
FOOT


A foot is a group of syllables.
No more than 2-3 syllables in one
foot

Syllables are marked either as stressed
(/) or unstressed (-). Ex:
/ poet
1 foot
/ /
William + Shakespeare
1 foot + 1 foot
TYPES OF FEET
Foot
Syllables
Stress
Iamb
2
short / long
-
/
pretend
Trochee
2
long/short
/
-
season
*Spondee
2
long/long
/
/
*Pyrrhic
2
short/short
-
-
Anapest
3
short/short/long
Dactyl
3
long/short/short
- - /
/ - -
Example
unabridged
dangerous
METER


Meter is the predominant rhythm of
a poem
Identified by 2 things:

Type of foot


Iamb, Trochee, Spondee, Pyrrhic,
Anapest, Dactyl
The number of feet within the lines of a
poem
TYPES OF METER



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
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Monometer:
Dimeter:
Trimeter:
Tetrameter:
Pentameter:
Hexameter:
/ poet
1 foot
lines
lines
lines
lines
lines
lines
consisting
consisting
consisting
consisting
consisting
consisting
of
of
of
of
of
of
1
2
3
4
5
6
foot
feet
feet
feet
feet
feet
/ /
William + Shakespeare
1 foot + 1 foot
*Answer: Trochee Trimeter
IAMBIC PENTAMETER



Most common meter in English
poetry
Five iambs in a row
Feminine ending-addition of a final
unstressed syllable
-
/ - /- /- /- /
/ - /- /- /- / -
WHAT LINE IS IT ANYWAY?
- / /
/
/
I do not like green eggs and ham.
- / /
/
- /
I do not like them, Sam-I-am.
*Answer: Iambic tetrameter
WHAT LINE IS IT ANYWAY?
/ / /
/ Double, double, toil and trouble
/ /
/ /
One Fish Two Fish Red Fish Blue Fish
*Answer: Trochaic tetrameter
WHAT LINE IS IT ANYWAY?
/ /
/ - / /
Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?
*Answer: Iambic Pentameter
WHAT LINE IS IT ANYWAY?
/
- /
- /
/
Twas the night before Christmas and all through the house
*Answer: Anapestic Tetrameter