newtonberguidedmathspringtourz1

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Transcript newtonberguidedmathspringtourz1

INTRODUCTION

A. Dr. Nicki Newton B. Guests

GOALS OF THIS WORKSHOP

1.Learn to Implement Guided Math Groups 2.Learn to Engage Students in Purposeful Practice through Math Workstations

ESSENTIAL QUESTIONS FOR THIS WORKSHOP

• How do guided math groups help us to differentiate instruction in meaningful ways so that we can reach all learners?

• How do math workstations help reinforce skills in meaningful ways?

WHAT IS GUIDED MATH?

• One component of a math workshop • Students learn in small flexible groups based on their readiness level • Students practice with the teacher, with each other and then by themselves during the guided math lesson

WHY DO GUIDED MATH GROUPS?

“When a teacher tries to teach something to the entire class at the same time, chances are, one third of the kids already know it, one third will get it, and the remaining third won

t get it. So two thirds of the children are wasting their time.

” ~Lillian Katz

BENEFITS OF A GUIDED MATH GROUPS

Teachers Targeted teaching/ Differentiation On the spot error/ Misconception analysis Question Deeply Focus on specific Content and practices Students Targeted Standards based instruction Individual Attention Opportunity to Speak & Listen about Mathematical Thinking Mathematical Disposition Levels Increase

MATHEMATICAL POWER Comes from the belief that “I can do this…with practice I can do this” “If I just keep trying I can do this” “If I persevere, I can do this” Mathematical Power comes from the belief that math fluency is possible with practice.

GUIDED MATH VERSUS WHOLE GROUP MATH

• • •

Whole Class

Mini Lesson Non-targeted Large Group

• • •

Guided Math

Mini Lesson

Differentiated Small group

BALANCED MATHEMATICS

• GUIDED MATH IS PART OF A GUIDED MATH PROGRAM. IT TAKES PLACE IN A NUMERACY-RICH ENVIRONMENT.

Proving Explaining Listening Discussing Modeling Connecting Numeracy Rich Disagreeing Talking Showing Listening Writing Speaking Refuting Agreeing

Reader

s Workshop

•Mini –Lesson •Word Work •Fluency Practice •Strategy Practice •Conferences •Share Time •Groups (Guided, Strategic, Discussion)

Math Workshop

•Lessons •Vocabulary Practice •Fact Fluency Practice (Automaticity) •Strategy Practice •Conferences •Share Time •Small Guided Math Groups

Math Energizers Whole Group Mini Lesson Work Time Share Total Time

5-7 Minutes 7-10 Minutes 30-45 Minutes 5-10 Minutes 70-75 Minutes Review and Practice Whole group standards based lesson •Small guided math group •Individual math interview or conferencing •Workstations •Discuss Major Takeaways •Writing Response

POSTING QUESTIONS

Posting Questions Around the Room…See Shannon & PBS

Debrief Calendar #Talks Mini-Lesson 10% 10% 10% 10% 60% Guided Math Groups Centers

MATH ENERGIZERS

Bingo, Disappearing Dan & Dana; 24; Tell Me All You Can Number of the Day; Silent Math; What

Scissors Numbers s the Question?; Rock, Paper,

CALENDAR TALK

Individual Calendars can give distributed practice over time.

NUMBER TALKS

What is 8+6 Strategies Models

LEARNING ENVIRONMENT KEY TO THE WHOLE OPERATION!

CLASSROOM “SET UP” Understanding the Schedule-What are we doing today? When?

Movement – Leaders are Key? Who’s on first?

Cooperative Learning Components – Check Ins (How’s your group doing?)

“ The ultimate goal of mathematics instruction is to teach students to solve problems independently. The flexible nature of these components encourages the gradual release of responsibility.

” Laney Sammons

TURN AND TALK Talk to your shoulder buddy about how math is taught in your building (think about the differences in classrooms & grade levels). Are these components are part of the math instruction?

____ whole group instruction ____ mini-lesson ____ debrief ____ small guided math group ____ workstations

ORGANIZATION

Classroom Management: • Rules, Rewards and Consequences • Cooperative Learning

GETTING STARTED

1. Forming Groups 2. Introducing Guided Math Groups to the Children 3.Classroom Management 4. Scheduling Students

DATA-DRIVEN INSTRUCTION

•Small group instruction is always based on data (Unit Assessments, student interviews or conferences, anecdotal notes, teacher observations, etc.) •Data will point to student misconceptions, error patterns, and levels of understanding (see Depth of Knowledge)

HOW DO I SET UP THE GROUPS?

BEN

• BENCHMARK TEST • QUIZZES • INTERVIEWS • CHAPTER TESTS

SMALL GUIDED MATH GROUPS ARE FOR ALL STUDENTS

• Novice • Apprentice • Practitioner • Expert

FLEXIBLE GROUPING

• Students move in and out of groups based on need. In geometry John could be in group A and in measurement he could be in group b.

ORGANIZATION WHITE BOARDS CHALK BOARDS CORK BOARDS http://www.tips-for teachers.com/images/digital%20pics/clas sroom%20pics/second%20grade/Acwort h/crop%20baord.jpg

ORGANIZATION SEE EVERYBODY EVERY WEEK http://www.tips-for teachers.com/images/digital%20pics/clas sroom%20pics/second%20grade/Acwort h/Guided%20Math/IMG_0465.JPG

SCHEDULE

2 OR 3 TIMES A WEEK

http://www.tips-for teachers.com/guided_math_groups.htm Schedule

SAMPLE SCHEDULE

Rotation Schedule Small Guided Math Groups Center Work (Games and Activities) Problem Solving Center (Models & Strategy Center) Round 1 Round 2 Round 3 Tigers Bears Dolphins Bears Dolphins Tigers Dolphins Tigers Bears

Multipliation Unit: Teacher is Floating Today (Conferences and Interviews)

Novice Apprentice Practitioner/Expert

Multiplication: Circles and Stars Partner Game Multiplication: Arrays Partner Game Multiplication: Show Two Strategies Partner Game Problem Solving Center: Equal Groups Problem Types: Facts 2, 4, 5 (Scaffolded with numberline) Tiered Writing Activity About Multiplication Problem Solving Center: Arrays: Facts through 6 (Scaffolded with arrays) Tiered Writing Activity About Multiplication Problem Solving Center: Variety of Strategies Tiered Writing Activity About Multiplication

Monday EXAMPLE GUIDED MATH WEEKLY SCHEDULE 15 MINUTE SESSIONS- 2 SESSIONS A DAY Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday

9:30-9:45 Green Group 9:30-9:45 9:30-9:45 Blue Group Green Group 9:30-9:45 Blue Group -y 9:30-9:45 Class Math Projects Podcasts/VideoCas t/Glog/Photo Essay/Class Mural/Class Book 9:45-10:00 9:45-10:00 Orange Group Yellow Group 9:45-10:00 9:45-10:00 Orange Group Yellow Group 9:45-10:00 Class Math Projects Podcasts/Photo Essay/Class Mural/Class Book

PLANNING SHEETS

DIFFERENT WAYS TO PLAN FOR INSTRUCTION.

KEY COMPONENTS: -WHO & WHAT

http://mountainview.typepad.com/guided_math/what-is-guided math.html

ORGANIZATION

• Introduce the math workshop to the students during the first 2 weeks. Practice games together and practice the guided math groups.

GETTING STARTED

1. Roles and Responsibilities 2. Framework for a Lesson

THE TEACHER IS

Teaching a small guided math group  Direct modeling  Watching students do math  Questioning  Scaffolding Learning  Giving Examples  Taking Notes

THE TEACHER IS ALSO

o Facilitating center work o Questioning Students o Conferencing o Interviewing

THE STUDENT IS Listening Participating Discussing Thinking Doing math

FRAMING GUIDED MATH LESSONS AROUND THE BIG IDEAS

 Randall Charles has written about 21 Big Ideas in Math…

GUIDED MATH INFRASTRUCTURE

• Concrete (base-ten blocks, cubes, counters, etc.), • Pictorial (model of thinking – pictures, drawing, diagrams, tables) • Abstract (number sentences, equations, expressions )

STRUCTURE OF THE LESSON Intro Guided Practice Summarizing what you did that day.

ONGOING ASSESSMENT THROUGHOUT THE LESSON

• Questioning • Individual Pupil Responses • Thumbs up • Stoplight • Entrance/Exit Slip

NAME John Maria

OBSERVATION SHEET

Using level 1 strategies Used some level 3 strategies today…said 5+7 was a doubles +2 fact so it was 12

FRAMING GUIDED MATH LESSONS

• Mathematical Proficiency • Mathematical Practices • Content Domains

CONCEPTUAL UNDERSTANDING

Kyle had 6 marbles. John had 2 more than Kyle. How many did John have?

*Number Bond Practice: Where is the unknown?

*NLVM Computers

PROCEDURAL FLUENCY

o

What is 245 + 37?

o

300 – 299 =

*Skip Counting *Double Digit Subtraction with dice

STRATEGIC COMPETENCE

8+7 = 29+ 35 = 12 x 4 = *Roll and Compose/Decompose *Composing/Decomposing Club *Show 2 different ways to subtract 300-299. Talk about which was faster and why.

ADAPTIVE REASONING

   Accountable Math Talk Thinking Posters Thinking Notebooks    Can you prove that?

How do you know?

*Convince Me Paper *Challenge It Paper

MATHEMATICAL PROFICIENCY

o ADAPTIVE REASONING: IN ORDER TO TALK YOU NEED MATH VOCABULARY:  POWERPOINT  GRAPHIC ORGANIZERS  MATH SPELLING CITY

MATHEMATICAL PROFICIENCY

MATHEMATICAL DISPOSITION… WHAT’S YOURS?

LEVELS 1-5

MATHEMATICAL PRACTICES

• • • • Problem Solving - Word Problems Reasoning - Riddles Construct Viable Arguments and Critique Arguments Writing in math Modeling –Open Numberline; Bar Modeling

MATHEMATICAL PRACTICES

• • • • Use appropriate tools- Calculators Attend to precision- Vocabulary Look for and make use of structure Look for and express regularity in repeated reasoning

NUMBER WRITING

K.CC.3. Write numbers from 0 to 20. Represent a number of objects with a written numeral 0-20 (with 0 representing a count of no objects).

NUMBER WRITING

1.NBT.1. Count to 120, starting at any number less than 120. In this range, read and write numerals and represent a number of objects with a written numeral.

NUMBER WRITING

2.NBT.3. Read and write numbers to 1000 using base ten numerals, number names, and expanded form.

NUMBER WRITING

Poems Race Car Numbers Rainbow Numbers Jmeacham: www.jmeacham.com

Sparklebox: http://www.sparklebox.co.uk/md/index.html#.Tot7jnN-sVA

COUNT TO TELL THE NUMBER OF OBJECTS.

Understand that each successive number name refers to a quantity that is one larger.

COUNT TO TELL THE NUMBER OF OBJECTS.

Dinosaur Book Act Out: People Concrete: Dino counters Pictorial: Draw it Abstract: Number Lines & Ladders

COUNT HOW MANY

K.CC.5. Count to answer “how many?” questions about as many as 20 things arranged in a line, a rectangular array, or a circle, or as many as 10 things in a scattered configuration; given a number from 1–20, count out that many objects.

Mosaic Activity

COMPARE NUMBERS

K.CC.6. Identify whether the number of objects in one group is greater than, less than, or equal to the number of objects in another group, e.g., by using matching and counting strategies.

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COMPARE NUMBERS

Alligator Poem Alligator Puppets Matching: Roll and compare Counting: Number Lines, Ladders, Grids Superteacher Activities *http://guidedmath.wordpress.com/2011/06/

COMPARE NUMBERS

K.CC.7. Compare two numbers between 1 and 10 presented as written numerals.

Cards, Dice and Dominos: Highest Number/Lowest Number *http://guidedmath.wordpress.com/2011/06/

COMPARING NUMBERS

1.NBT.3. Compare two two digit numbers based on meanings of the tens and ones digits, recording the results of comparisons with the symbols >, =, and <.

COMPARING NUMBERS

2.NBT.4. Compare two three digit numbers based on meanings of the hundreds, tens, and ones digits, using >, =, and < symbols to record the results of comparisons.

FACT FLUENCY

100 Basic Facts – The Dolch Words of Math

A 3-STEP APPROACH TO LEARNING THE BASIC MATH

A.

FACTS

Conceptual Understanding (Concrete/ Pictorial) •

B.

Development of Efficient Strategies (Abstract) •

C.

Practice that Works (Naming Strategies)

ADDITION FACTS

Plus Zero - Poem Plus 1 – One Red Dot; Numberlines; Numberladders; NumberGrids; One more and one less game Plus 2

FIVE FRAME

1. http://guidedmath.wordpress.com/2010/12/10/five-frames-and guided-math-groups/

OPERATIONS AND ALGEBRAIC THINKING

K.OA.1. Represent addition and subtraction with objects, fingers, mental images, drawings 1 equations.

, sounds (e.g., claps), acting out situations, verbal explanations, expressions, or

OPERATIONS AND ALGEBRAIC THINKING

K.OA.3. Decompose numbers less than or equal to 10 into pairs in more than one way, e.g., by using objects or drawings, and record each decomposition by a drawing or equation (e.g., 5 = 2 + 3 and 5 = 4 + 1).

OPERATIONS AND ALGEBRAIC THINKING

K.OA.4. For any number from 1 to 9, find the number that makes 10 when added to the given number, e.g., by using objects or drawings, and record the answer with a drawing or equation.

OPERATIONS AND ALGEBRAIC THINKING

K.OA.5. Fluently add and subtract within 5.

OPERATIONS AND ALGEBRAIC THINKING

1.OA.6. Add and subtract within 20, demonstrating fluency for addition and subtraction within 10.

*See posters on blog

OPERATIONS AND ALGEBRAIC THINKING

1. Use strategies such as counting on; making ten (e.g., 8 + 6 = 8 + 2 + 4 = 10 + 4 = 14);

OPERATIONS AND ALGEBRAIC THINKING

1. Decomposing a number leading to a ten (e.g., 13 – 4 = 13 – 3 – 1 = 10 – 1 = 9);

OPERATIONS AND ALGEBRAIC THINKING

1. And creating equivalent but easier or known sums (e.g., adding 6 + 7 by creating the known equivalent 6 + 6 + 1 = 12 + 1 = 13).

OPERATIONS AND ALGEBRAIC THINKING

2.OA.2. Fluently add and subtract within 20 using mental strategies.

one-digit numbers.

2 By end of Grade 2, know from memory all sums of two

OPERATIONS AND ALGEBRAIC THINKING

1.OA.7. Understand the meaning of the equal sign, and determine if equations involving addition and subtraction are true or false.

OPERATIONS AND ALGEBRAIC THINKING

1. For example, which of the following equations are true and which are false? 6 = 6, 7 = 8 – 1, 5 + 2 = 2 + 5, 4 + 1 = 5 + 2.

2. Prove It Papers!

OPERATIONS AND ALGEBRAIC THINKING

1.OA.8. Determine the unknown whole number in an addition or subtraction equation relating three whole numbers.

OPERATIONS AND ALGEBRAIC THINKING

1.OA.8. For example,

determine the unknown number that makes the equation true in each of the equations 8 + ? = 11, 5 = _ – 3, 6 + 6 = _.

EQUIVALENT NAMES •

Focus Question:

same sum?

Can different number combinations of quantities result in the •

Literature Connections (12 Ways to Get to 11)-

Quack and Count; Math Fables; Mathter pieces; Two Ways to Count to Ten; A Quarter from the Tooth Fairy; Grapes of Math; One is a Snail Ten is a Crab; A Dozen Ducklings; Ten Puppies)

FACT FAMILIES

Teach from concrete, pictorial, abstract.

http://guidedmath.wordpress.com/2010/04/01/teaching-fact-families-in-guided-math-groups/ http://guidedmath.wordpress.com/2010/08/30/number-bonds-fact-families-complements-of numbers-and-guided-math/

DOUBLES AND NEAR DOUBLES •A.

Focus Question:

What are doubles? How do they help us to add fast?

•B.

Literature Connections

: (Dice Game, Double the Ducks; Minnie ’ s Diner; Double those Wheels; Two of Everything) http://www.songsforteaching.com/jennyfix manedutunes/doubleitup.htm

FACT SORT • Name That Fact (Domino Fact Sort, Domino Book, Card Fact Sort, Card Book) / http://guidedmath.wordpress.com/2010/01/23

LUCKY 8 & LUCKY 9

Concrete (double ten frames) Pictorial (illuminations) Abstract (Poems) http://guidedmath.wordpress.com/2010/12/17/lucky-8-and-lucky-9 teaching-compensation-for-addition-problems-in-small-guided-math groups/

PROBLEM SOLVING • A.

Focus Question:

What are word problems? What are some ways to think about them? What are some ways to practice solving them? • B.

Literature Connections

: Ten Little Fish, How Many Blue Birds Flew Away?; How Many Snails?; Number One Number Fun; Follow the Line; Each Orange had 8 Slices

WORD PROBLEMS

Understand addition as putting together and adding to, and understand subtraction as taking apart and taking from.

WORD PROBLEMS

Know the Types 4 Types for Kindergarten 8 Types for 1 st Grade 12 Types for 2 nd grade

*See progressions/ See NYC Exemplars/ See Exemplars/ See Balanced Assessments

OPERATIONS AND ALGEBRAIC THINKING

K.OA.2. Solve addition and subtraction word problems, and add and subtract within 10, e.g., by using objects or drawings to represent the problem.

WORD PROBLEMS

Represent and solve problems involving addition and subtraction.

WORD PROBLEMS 1.OA.1. Use addition and subtraction within 20 to solve word problems involving situations of adding to, taking from, putting together, taking apart, and comparing, with unknowns in all positions,

WORD PROBLEMS e.g., by using objects, drawings, and equations with a symbol for the unknown number to represent the problem.

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WORD PROBLEMS

1.OA.2. Solve word problems that call for addition of three whole numbers whose sum is less than or equal to 20.

WORD PROBLEMS

2.OA.1. Use addition and subtraction within 100 to solve one- and two-step word problems involving situations of adding to, taking from, putting together, taking apart, and comparing, with unknowns in all positions,

WORD PROBLEM

e.g., by using drawings and equations with a symbol for the unknown number to represent the problem.

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PROBLEM SOLVING POWER TOOLS

Number Frames Slider Stories Rekenrek Numberline Open Numberline Math Mat Bar Diagram

PROBLEM SOLVING

Multiple Intelligence Centers

•1. Visual/Spatial- Sticker/Stamp Stories •2. Intrapersonal- Individual Story Book •3. Interpersonal- Group Story Book

PLACE VALUE

Concrete (bundles, base ten blocks) Pictorial (nlvm) Abstract (roll and show)

PLACE VALUE

1.NBT.2. Understand that the two digits of a two digit number represent amounts of tens and ones. Understand the following as special cases:

PLACE VALUE

1.NBT.4. Add within 100, including adding a two two-digit number and a multiple of 10, using concrete models or drawings and strategies based on place value, properties of operations, and/or the relationship between addition and subtraction; explain the reasoning used. Understand that in adding two-digit numbers, one adds tens and tens, compose a ten.

PLACE VALUE

2.NBT.5. Fluently add and subtract within 100 using strategies based on place value, properties of operations, and/or the relationship between addition and subtraction.

PLACE VALUE

2.NBT.7. Add and subtract within 1000, using concrete models or drawings and strategies based on place value, properties of operations, and/or the relationship between addition and subtraction;

PLACE VALUE

2.NBT.7. relate the strategy to a written method. Understand that in adding or subtracting three-digit numbers, one adds or subtracts hundreds and hundreds, tens and tens, ones and ones;

PLACE VALUE

and sometimes it is necessary to compose or decompose tens or hundreds. (see NLVM)

ADDITION STRATEGIES

What is 29+34?

How many strategies and algorithms do you have in your pocket?

http://guidedmath.wordpress.com/2011/0 8/23/an-addition-algorithm/

ADDITION STRATEGIES

Schultz Math Videos Counting Up by Ones Counting Up by Tens & Ones Using a 100's Chart Expanding Notation: Decomposing into Groups of Tens and Ones

ADDITION STRATEGIES

Schultz Math Videos Left to Right Addition Compensation Regrouping http://www.schultzcenter.org/mathvideos .shtml

SUBTRACTION STRATEGIES

What is 67-9? How many ways can you solve this?

SUBTRACTION STRATEGIES

Number Splitting Open Numberline Counting Up Compensation Traditional Strategy http://guidedmath.wordpress.com/2011/08/31/5-subtraction-algorithms-great-to-do-in guided-math-groups/

SUBTRACTION STRATEGIES

Schultz Math Videos Counting Down by Ones Counting Down by Tens and Ones

SUBTRACTION STRATEGIES

Distance Between Two Numbers Landmark Numbers Decomposing into Groups of Tens and Ones

SUBTRACTION STRATEGIES

Compensation Expanding Notation with Negative Numbers Regrouping http://www.schultzcenter.org/mathvideos.shtml

RTI AND GUIDED MATH GROUPS

REMEMBER THAT RTI TECHNICALLY IS IN ADDITION TO THE REGULAR MATH PERIOD!

A BIT OF REVIEW

FILL IN YOUR FRAYER MODEL WITH YOUR TABLEMATES. WHAT HAVE YOU LEARNED?

Examples

Frayer Concept Organizer

Components Guided Math Non-Examples 117

ACTION PLAN

• Decide on rules and routines • Set up groups • Create a schedule • Decide on the focus content strand • Decide on the mathematical practices that you will highlight

ACTION PLAN

• Plan group and mini-lessons • Design workstations • Put an accountability system in place

ACTION PLAN: STARTING

• START SMALL.

• START WHERE YOU ARE COMFORTABLE.

• JUST START

REFERENCES Bush, K. Holland Elementary [email protected]

Deborah Kramb Pitner Elementary School Norman, J – Cowden Elementary [email protected]

http://sps.k12.mo.us/cowden/jaustin/ November 2009

RESOURCES Laura Candler MathWire Georgia Standards.org

: Math Frameworks Public Schools of NC: Problem-Solving Decks NCTM Illuminations Cobb Math Blog Cobb Math Links List Plug Into Mathematics WESTEST Prep Page Teams Educational Resources Grades 3-5/Function Machine Agebra, Geometry and Numbers

• • • Mrs. Powell Marcia ’ ’ s Math Tubs Explanation s Math Tub Fun Mrs. Meacham ’ s Math Tubs www.guidedmath.wordpress.com

YOU CAN CONTACT ME AT [email protected]

www.guidedmath.wordpress.com

drnickimath (follow me on twitter) Thank You For Coming!