What do HIV & AIDS stand for?

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Transcript What do HIV & AIDS stand for?

4/25/2020

What do HIV and AIDS stand for?

HIV Human Immunodeficiency Virus AIDS Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome

h o m e b a c k n e x t

4/25/2020

What is the difference between HIV and AIDS?

 HIV - The virus that causes AIDS  AIDS – When an HIV infected person has less than 200 T4 cells (Healthy adults have 1,000 or more) – When an HIV infected person has 1 or more of 26 clinical conditions h o m e b a c k n e x t

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How does the HIV virus affect your body?

 Kills T4 cells  Because the T4 cell count is low, the body is unable to fight off “opportunistic diseases”  People usually die from an opportunistic disease, not AIDS  Common Opportunistic diseases: – – Kaposi’s Sarcoma - Cancer Pneumocystis Pneumonia (PCP) h o m e b a c k n e x t

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What are the Initial signs and symptoms of a HIV infection?

   Flu like illness within a month or two of infection – – – – – Fever Headache Malaise Swollen Lymph Nodes Fatigue Commonly mistaken for some other type of infection or virus Can remain asymptomatic for ten years h o m e b a c k n e x t

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What are some signs & symptoms and complications when someone develops AIDS?

 S&S – lack of energy, swollen lymph nodes, weight loss, frequent fevers, sweats , skin rashes, STD’s  Complications – Opportunistic diseases h o m e b a c k n e x t

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What are the methods of transmission for the HIV virus?

 Most common - sexual contact  Infected blood  Sharing needles or syringes  During pregnancy or birth  Breast milk  Having a STD will increase the chance of acquiring HIV during sex with an infected partner h o m e b a c k n e x t

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What is a method of prevention for each mode of transmission?

     Sexual Contact - Abstinence or Condom Infected blood - Universal precautions Needles - Abstinence, no sharing or cleaning Pregnancy and birth - C Section or use of AZT Breast milk - Bottle feed or AZT h o m e b a c k n e x t

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How do you treat HIV/AIDS?

   Early detection Drug treatment – 1st - Reverse transcriptase inhibitors interrupt virus replication (AZT) – 2nd - Protease inhibitors - interrupt virus replication at a later step in life cycle – Also - Specialized drugs to fight common opportunistic diseases especially PCP Psychological treatment h o m e b a c k n e x t

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What are some tests for the HIV virus?

Antibody tests

ELISA

Western Blot

Blood test

h o m e b a c k n e x t

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AIDS Memorial Quilt

 Started in 1987  # of Panels 44,000  Last displayed in entirety in 1996  Raised over $3,000,000 for AIDS h o m e b a c k n e x t