Federalism - John Bowne High School
Federalism - John Bowne High School
Aim: How does the U.S. government work?
Do Now: Copy Vocabulary Below:
Federalism: the balancing of power between a Federal
Government and State Governments. Within this system
the Federal Government is superior to the State
Delegated Powers (Enumerated) - those powers specifically
assigned to the Federal Government
Reserved Powers - all powers not specifically delegated the
Federal Government are to be reserved or saved for the
Concurrent Powers - are those powers that both the federal
and state governments have at the same time. (tax)
**Implied Powers - These are powers that are NOT
specifically delegated in the Constitution, but are
understood to be necessary or allowed.
Read and Complete Handout No. 1: The Federal System.
Under federalism, the federal (central) government shares powers with the state
governments. The Constitution spells out the division of powers. The Federal governments
powers may either be delegated (specifically mentioned). Implied (indirectly indicated), or
concurrent (shared). The powers of the state governments may either be concurrent or
reserved (for exclusive use of those governments).
1. Who seems to be winning the tug-of-war?
2. On whose team are “Implied Powers” and “Delegated Powers”? Why?
3. Why is “Concurrent Powers” on both teams?
4. What is the main idea of the cartoon?
5. Do you agree with the cartoonist’s point of view? Why or why not?
The Articles of Confederation failed because the Feds were too weak.
The Framers meet at the Constitutional
Articles of Confederation.
Convention in 1787 to fix the
The Federalists and Anti-Federalist argued. The Federalists wanted a strong
CENTRAL government and the Anti-Federalists wanted a strong STATE government.
After fierce debate, the Federalists agreed to add a Bill of Rights to the Constitution.
This appeased the Anti-Federalists and in 1791, the Constitution was
The new (and approved) Constitution changed how the U.S.
Governments worked in two very important ways.
1) It had a Bill of Rights that protected the people’s
individual rights and freedoms from potential tyranny.
2) It set up a new form of government based on the principle
Workshop I: Understanding Federalism
1) Read: Federalism and the System of Checks and Balances
2) Complete your Venn Diagrams by placing the Government
powers below under the correct heading (Enumerated
Powers, Reserved Powers or Concurrent Powers).
Separation of Powers = The powers of our federal
(national) government are divided into three branches:
legislative, executive, and judicial. The branches are separate
but equal. They each have special responsibilities concerning
laws, the principles that govern our nation. This is called
Checks and Balances
Congress: Senate (100
members) and the House of
** Makes Laws **
Creates and passes bills
Approves appointments and
treaties (agreements) made
by the President
Sets and collects taxes
Makes rules for trade
Responsible for the
The President, Vice President,
14 Cabinet members (heads of
14 executive departments)
Judicial Branch (Supreme
The Supreme Court (9 justices)
and the Lower federal courts
** Carries Out (Executes) Laws
Signs into law or vetoes
(rejects) bills passed by Congress
Commands the armed forces
Appoints judges, ambassadors,
and other federal officials
Makes treaties with other
Receives diplomats from other
Represents the U.S. at special
** Interprets Laws **
Can decide if a law is
Can decide if a Presidential
action is constitutional
Reviews court cases related
to the Constitution and federal
Reviews cases tried in lower
Quick Quiz: Did Congress possess the Power to
Impeach President Clinton after the Monica Lewinski
Congress = The Legislative Branch
(House of Representatives and the