#### Transcript MrV*s Shorthand Division (for Single Digits)

# MrV’s

### Shorthand Division (by Single Digits 2, 5, and 3)

It Helps You Do Prime Factorization using Factor Trees: If you are SURE that a long number divides exactly by 2, 5, or 3, you can use Shorthand Division to quickly find the other factor.

Easy Tests for Divisibility: 2: Only **even numbers **(ending with 0, 2, 4, 6, or 8) **divide **by **2** Examples: 34,13**8 **will divide by 2, but 123,24**3 **will not 5: Only numbers **ending **with **0 **or **5 **will **divide **by **5** Examples: 3,00**5 **will divide by 5, but 3,00**2 **will not 3: Only numbers with a **digit sum **that divides by 3 also **divide **by **3** Examples: 15,201 will divide by 3, but 15,202 will not 1+5+2+0+1=**9** 1+5+2+0+2=**10** 7: There’s no easy test Divide by 7 (use either kind of division) to see if you get a 0 remainder 4, 6, 8, and 9: Why bother? Check for the primes first. If 2 and 3 will not divide, then these other digits will not

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### How to do Shorthand Division

Let’s use 6408 divided by 2 as an example… Write the division with the division symbol *upside down,* and build the quotient *underneath *it --> 2 ) 6 4 0 8

*quotient*

Work left to right, one digit at a time 2 into 6 is 3 2 into 4 is 2 2 into 0 is 0 2 into 8 is 4 2 ) 6 4 0 8 2 ) 6 4 0 8 2 ) 6 4 0 8 2 ) 6 4 0 8 3 3 2 3 2 0 3 2 0 4 It’s easy if each little division goes evenly. But if not… ?

Let’s call any remainders “carries.” (They get carried to the next digit) 2 into 7 is 3, r 1 2 into 12 is 6 2 into 1 is 0 r 1 2 into 18 is 9 2 ) 7 1 2 1 8 2 ) 7 1 2 1 8 2 ) 7 1 2 1 1 8 2 ) 7 1 2 1 1 8 3 3 6 3 6 0 3 6 0 9

*Many students can do these little divisions in their heads, but some may find MrV’s Tables are useful when dividing by 3, 5 and 7*

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**Long Division **compared to **Shorthand Division**

**Long Division**

**Shorthand Division**

**Dividing a number by 2: **

Either it goes **exactly**, or there is a **remainder **of **1** You can use MrV’s Times Table. You may find it easier if you do some computations in your head

*Long Division: Shorthand Division:*

436 , 029 (leave some space between the digits) 2 872 8 , 058 07 6 1 2 12 00 0 04 4 0 5 2 7 8 4 7 3 1 2 , 6 , 0 0 5 2 1 8 9 2 into 8 goes 4, exactly 2 into 7 goes 3, with 1 left over – making the next digit 1 2 2 into 12 goes 6, exactly 2 into 0 goes 0, exactly 2 into 5 goes 2, with 1 left over – making the next digit 18 2 into 18 goes 9, exactly

**Long Division **compared to **Shorthand Division**

**Long Division**

**Shorthand Division**

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**Dividing a number by 3: **

Either it goes **exactly**, or there is a **remainder **of **1 **or **2** You can use MrV’s Times Table. You may find it easier if you do some computations in your head

*Long Division: Shorthand Division:*

(leave some space between the digits) 21 , 409 6 4 , 1 2 2 2 7 3 64 , 6 227 04 3 1 2 12 02 00 27 27 0 2 4 3 2 1 , 4 0 9 3 into 6 goes 2, exactly 3 into 4 goes 1, with 1 left over – making the next digit 1 2 3 into 12 goes 4, exactly 3 into 2 goes 0, with 2 left over – making the next digit 2 7 3 into 27 goes 9, exactly