CP Chemistry Year Review

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Transcript CP Chemistry Year Review

College Placement Chemistry: Year In Review
* Denotes concepts that occur repeatedly throughout
the course
Chapter 2-Matter and Change
• Be able to identify reactants and products in a
word reaction
• Understand what the law of conservation of
mass means
• Know the difference between a compound and
CP Chemistry Year In Review
Chapter 3-Scientific Measurement
• Can you use scientific notation effectively*
• Can you convert between K and oC
• Be able to use the density formula (D=M/V) to
solve for all three variables
• Can you convert between metric system units*
CP Chemistry Year In Review
Chapter 4 – Atomic Structure
• Can you identify the significant historical
events that have led to our modern day
understanding of the atom
• Know the three subatomic particles and how
they are arranged in the atom
• Be able to determine atomic number, mass
number, and atomic mass by looking at a
periodic table*
CP Chemistry Year In Review
Chapter 5 – Electrons
• Know the definitions of the three principles that
govern how electrons arrange themselves in the atom
• Be able to identify electron configurations for neutral
atoms and ions
• Understand orbitals and their energy relationship to
each other (sublevels)
• Energy, frequency and wavelength calculations
CP Chemistry Year In Review
Chapter 6 – Periodic Table
• Can you look at periodic table and figure out what the
charge will be on an element’s stable cation or anion*
• Mendelev and Moseley: Their significance with the
development of the periodic table
• Where are the metals, non-metals, and metalloids*
• Be able to identify s, p, d, and f-blocks of periodic
• Periodic trends: Understand the relationships
(Electronegativity is quite important)*
CP Chemistry Year In Review
Chapter 7 – Ionic and Metallic Bonding
• Know which elements will form ionic compounds*
• Understand and apply the octet rule*
• Properties of ionic compounds
• Names of common anions (chloride, oxide, nitride)*
• Understand how metallic bonding works
CP Chemistry Year In Review
Chapter 8 – Covalent Bonding
• Properties of covalent (molecular) compounds and
what types of elements make them
• How a covalent bond differs from an ionic bond*
• Theory behind VSEPR and its consequences on
geometry of compounds
• Geometries of various compounds (5 common)*
• Polarity of covalent bonds*
• Types of intermolecular forces
CP Chemistry Year In Review
Chapter 9 – Chemical Naming
• Naming of cations and anions*
• Names of common polyatomic ions (you will have your ion
chart reference sheet)
• Naming of ionic compounds
• Naming of ionic compounds that contain transition metals
• Naming of covalent (molecular compounds)
• Be able to go back and forth between written name of
chemical and its chemical formula*
CP Chemistry Year In Review
Chapter 10 – Chemical Quantities (Mole)
• Concept of mole and Avogadro’s number*
• Be able to get atomic mass from periodic table*
• Be able to calculate molar masses of compunds*
• Understand the mole road map; can you convert *
1) grams to moles: moles to grams
2) particles to moles: moles to particles
3) liters to moles: moles to liters
CP Chemistry Year In Review
Chapter 11 – Chemical Reactions
• Be able to write and interpret chemical reactions
• Be able to balance chemical reactions*
• Identify the 5-types of chemical reactions*
CP Chemistry Year In Review
Chapter 12 – Stoichiometry
• Be able to use mole ratios in calculations*
• Solve stoichiometric problems
• Use stoichiometry to determine limiting reagent and
percent yield (theoretical vs. actual)
CP Chemistry Year In Review
Chapter 13 – States of Matter
• KMT theory and assumptions that must be made for
• How pressure changes due to outside forces
• Understand some basic properties of liquids
• Understand some basic properties of solids
CP Chemistry Year In Review
Chapter 14 – Behavior of Gases
• Be able to solve gas law problems
• Be able to solve ideal gas law problems
• Understand the factors that affect gas pressure and
how they relate to each other*
CP Chemistry Year In Review
Chapter 15 – Water and other Aqueous Systems
• Shape of a water molecule
• Special properties of water (hydrogen bonding, etc.)*
• Understand the concept of like dissolves like
• Tyndall effect – Colloids, suspensions, and solutions
CP Chemistry Year In Review
Chapter 16 – Solutions
• Components of a solution*
• Solubility and the terms saturated, unsaturated, supersaturated,
miscible, and immiscible
• Be able to conduct molarity calculations*
• Dilution calculations
• Can you identify colligative properties of solutions and explain them
• Molality calculations with respect to colligative properties
CP Chemistry Year In Review
Chapter 17 – Thermochemistry
• Use specific heat to solve for heat (q), mass, or
change in temperature
• Know the units of heat, joules or calories, and how to
convert between them
• Understand phase changes with respect to heat and
the calculations involved
• Know the six phase changes and how they relate to a
heating and cooling diagram
CP Chemistry Year In Review
Chapter 18 – Reaction Rates and Equilibrium
• Understand collision theory
• Know the factors that affect a reaction rate
• Be able to construct Keq equation by looking at a
• Understand the relationship between whether a
reaction will work or not and Keq
• Le Chatelier’s Principle and how various factors affect
an equilibrium
CP Chemistry Year In Review
Chapter 19 – Acids and Bases
• Properties of acids and bases
• Know Arrhenius, Bronsted-Lowry, and Lewis
definitions of acids and bases
• Be able to convert between pH, pOH, [H+], and [OH-]
• Understand neutralization reactions and titrations
CP Chemistry Year In Review
Chapter 25 – Nuclear Chemistry
• Know the three main types of radiation
• Know the particles involved in radiation
CP Chemistry Year In Review