Nuclear Physics is a large part of the history of the universe

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Transcript Nuclear Physics is a large part of the history of the universe

NSAC Report
Donald Geesaman
Argonne National Laboratory
Chair, US Department of Energy/National Science
Foundation Nuclear Science Advisory Committee
NuPECC Meeting
8 June 2013
In the March NuPECC Meeting
• We discussed charge to implement the NSAC
Long Range Plan under constrained budget
• We discussed the NSAC Facilities
• I was asked to look at international usage of
the Institute for Nuclear Theory and compare
it to ECT*
Comparison of INT and ECT International
ECT Participants 2012
INT Participants 2011-2012
Total ~ 600
Mexico/S. America
United States
Total 280
ECT Organizers
South America
United States
United Kingdom
United States
Total 33
What has happened since 2007
• Construction of the JLAB 12 GeV upgrade is almost
• A site has been selected for FRIB and it will undergo a “baseline” review this summer. (cost and schedule)
• The RHIC Luminosity upgrade was completed at about 1/10
the initially estimated cost.
• While the US underground science program has been
negatively impacted by the cancelation of DUSEL, NP is
supporting a DBD prototype experiment at the Homestake
• R&D and technology confirmation stage efforts continue on 4
EDM measurements and neutrino-less double beta decay.
There has been substantial progress
around the world
( a very incomplete list)
• Collisions of Pb beams and p+Pb at LHC
• RIKEN grows in capability and construction is progressing
at SPIRAL II, GSI and ISAC. New investments in Korea.
• Neutrino properties are being measured with greater
precision and θ13 is sizable. France, China, Korea
• New Heavy elements, Germany, Japan, Russia
There Has Been a Substantial Jolt to the
World Economy
The 2007 Long Range Plan was based on a doubling of the
budget of the DOE Office of Science and National Science
Foundation over 10 years.
Last year, NSAC was charged to provide advise on
implementing the priorities and recommendations of the
2007 Long Range Plan in light of projected budgetary
An NSAC Subcommittee, chaired by Bob Tribble was
asked to address this by January 2013.
The Subcommittee Examined the Science
Case in Light of Recent Progress
“The subcommittee was unanimous in reaffirming the LRP
vision for the field. Each of the recommendations is supported
by an extremely compelling science case. If any one part is
excised, it will be a significant loss to the U.S. in terms of
scientific accomplishments, scientific leadership, development
of important new applications, and education of a technically
skilled workforce to support homeland security and economic
The subcommittee report clearly presented what would be
lost under no-growth scenarios in terms of
• Science
• Workforce
• Future capabilities
2-4 Lines Summary of Science
CEBAF-12 GeV Combination of beam power and energy
• Excited gluon fields in hadrons
• Orbital motion of quarks and contribution to the proton’s spin.
• Precision tests of the standard model
• Exquisite tests of nuclear models
RHIC Broad range of energy and world’s only polarized proton collider
• Energy scan to search for QCD critical point. Initial scans suggest
RHIC covers the right energy range.
• Gluon and antiquark contributions to proton spin
• Energy dependence of transport coefficients in strongly interacting
quark gluon matter
• Possible evidence for local topological parity violation
FRIB Highest beam intensities and reaccelerated rare isotope beams
• Highest reach in nuclei far from stability and along paths of
astrophysical processes.
• US access to broad range of new isotopes for applications, stockpile
stewardship and national security.
Other Options
The subcommittee was
unanimous in endorsing the
modest growth budget
scenario as the minimum
level of support that is
needed to maintain a viable
long-term U.S. nuclear
science program that
encompasses the vision of
the Long Range Plan.
Office of Science FY 2014 Budget Request to Congress
Nuclear Physics FY14 $570M at the level of Modest Growth Budget
Director of the DOE Office of Science
Presentation on FY14 Budget
And Much More
• Californium Rare Ion Breeder Upgrades delivers first beams at Argonne
• New high intensity accelerator for nuclear astrophysics at Notre Dame
• Texas A&M Cyclotron Upgrade Project progressing.
• Involvement in 6 efforts in neutrino-less double beta decay experiments
• Neutron and Nuclear Electric Dipole Moment Experiments make major
• Gamma ray tracking array GRETINA has very successful first production
run at NSCL.
• Measurement of neutron radius of Pb in parity violating electron
scattering at JLab.
• Upgrades of RHIC detectors
• Far-reaching and efficient utilization of advanced computing in nuclear
theory, Lattice, Quantum Many Body Techniques, Density Functional ...
• US Nuclear Science program continues to follow
guidance of the 2007 Long Range Plan
• There is a great deal of fiscal uncertainty in the U.S. with
the unknown consequences of sequestration
• The President’s budget shows a continued emphasis to
invest in nuclear science
• My crystal ball indicates a bright future, but it may be a
bumpy flight getting there.