Delegated Design - Ted Garrison`s Construction 3.0 Strategies

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Transcript Delegated Design - Ted Garrison`s Construction 3.0 Strategies

Delegated Design

By: Ted Garrison New Construction Strategies 800-861-0874 [email protected]

www.TedGarrison.com

www.StrategicPlanningforContractors.com

Follow on twitter: www.twitter.com/tedgarrison

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Learning Objectives

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At the end of this course, participants will be able to:

1.

Identify the risks associated with delegated design and how to avoid them 2.

Explore the desired outcome of delegated design 3.

Implement the advantages of delegated design and how to exploit them 4.

Move forward to integrate delegated design into your projects

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Definition of Design Delegation

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Design delegation

refers to the determination of which professional or party to a construction project will have the ultimate responsibility for the design of components of the project that are designed by a supplier or subcontractor.

Design-build

is reserved for the overall project delivery method.

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A Brief History

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The Master Builder

As late as the mid 19 th century – Sir Christopher Wren

Designers wanted to avoid risk of construction & believed separate contracts was more professional & protected clients

Major changes occurred as result of Industrial Revolution

Growth of cities – many new types of buildings

Frederick Taylor – Scientific Management

Post WWII changes

Increased complexity – designers need to collaborate with contractors

• • • •

Edwards Deming demonstrated sub optimization doesn’t work Introduction of Construction Management (CMAA – 1982) Introduction of Design-Build (DBIA – 1993) Introduction of Integrated Project Delivery (IPDC – trademark 2005)

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What Are Risks of Design Delegation?

What’s the Risks of Not Using Design Delegation?

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What’s the Desired Outcome of Delegated Design?

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Improved design & performance of the final product –

better results!

Bring greater expertise & depth of knowledge to the design element

A more efficient design

Standardized design criteria

Lower construction costs

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How to Manage Risks of Delegation Design

 • • • • • •

Legal 7 Professional needs to be licensed in the state of project AIA documents require design delegation to be spelled out in the contract documents It’s required as part of contractor’s means & methods Contractor includes design work in his bid Subject to state & local laws Liability focuses on scope – review of shop drawings - contract

 • • • •

Qualifications of the delegatee – need to establish Credentials Experience & knowledge of specific situation Past performance Contractor/vendor has appropriate insurance

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How to Manage Risks of Delegation Design

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 • • • •

Assurance that client’s desires are met Delegator should not abdicate design responsibility – must check to insure conforms to overall design criteria Delegator must specify in writing to the delegatee all parameters which the design must satisfy Delegator must provide sufficient information so that delegatee understands scope and nature of the work & it’s connection to the general design Delegatee must provide all necessary technical data, loads, and other requirements consistent with good design practices

Other risks?

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Best Way to Implement Design Delegation Assign the design risk to the person or entity that can best manage that risk

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Avoid Making Subjective Decisions

Initial conditions

Event - Project

Final conditions

• • • • •

Time The

more

info we have before the event, the easier it is to predict the final outcome The

less

info we have before the event, the harder it is to predict the final outcome However, the lack of info will never change the final outcome

Probability occurs when people don’t understand

Must think proactively – not reactively

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What Does It Take to Avoid Decisions?

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Perception

– the ability to understand existing conditions and apply available resources in the best possible way

 • • •

What’s required for

perception

?

Knowledge Experience Wisdom

 • • •

If you don’t know the answer – what can you do?

Find someone who knows the answer Do more research Experiment – for example, test the window wall system

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What Are Our Options?

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Original Approach Primary design professional designs everything

 • •

Design Delegation Primary design professional does most of the design, but delegates certain aspects (curtain wall, sprinkler system, stairs, elevators, etc) Primary design professional still responsible for design intent and for reviewing shop drawing for compliance with intent

(depends on actual contract)

 •

Design-build/Integrated Project Delivery Contractor/design team is totally responsible & liable for the design

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How to Move Forward with Design Delegation?

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Assign the best qualified person to design the item

Create a collaborative environment

Focus on results instead of how

Focus on value instead of price

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Research Indicates More Collaboration Needed

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1995 USA Construction and Building Sub-committee Report

1995 OASIG UK Study

1997 KPMC Canada Study

1999 Singapore Construction 21 Report

2001 Australian Build and Construction Industries Supply Chain Project

2002 Canadian Construction Research Board Report

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Select Team Members Based on Performance – Not Price

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Identify sources with sufficient past

experience

Not just major subject but in a similar type project

Require a risk analysis of the project on their area of expertise – this identifies

knowledge & wisdom

Interview key project people

Review final design!

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Performance Based Studies Research Group

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Selecting team based on performance instead of just

• • • • •

price has had the following results: Over billion dollars worth of work on hundreds of projects High customer satisfaction 98% of projects finish on time, on budget, high quality, and no contractor generated change orders 1% of projects finished late because contractor didn’t want to sacrifice quality The 1% where problems occurred the client selected the low bidder and ignored performance

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So What Should Be the Primary Designer’s Role?

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What Are Your Thoughts or Questions?

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Identify the risks associated with delegated design and how to avoid them

Explore the desired outcome of delegated design

Implement the advantage of delegated design and how to exploit them

Move forward to integrate delegated design into your projects

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Final Thoughts

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It’s about picking sides – it’s about how to deliver the best product for the client

What’s needed is a collaborative process that engages people and groups outside of their formal control and inspires them to work toward common goals – despite differences in convictions, cultural values, and operational norms

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